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Daniel O'Connell

(1775—1847) Irish nationalist leader

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Act of Union

Act of Union  

1801.United the parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland, abolished the Irish Parliament in Dublin, and ended Irish legislative independence granted in 1782. The Act originated from Britain's ...
anti-Slavery Society

anti-Slavery Society  

Initially dominated by Quakers and Unitarians, were active in Ireland from the 1780s. The issue was given political prominence by its association with O'Connell, who took a leading part in ...
Art O'Leary

Art O'Leary  

(1747–73),a former officer in the Austrian army who returned to Co. Cork in 1767 and was killed six years later by followers of a local magistrate, Abraham Morris. His ...
ascendancy

ascendancy  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A term generally used to refer to the Protestant upper classes of Ireland in the 18th cent. and later. The defeat of the Jacobites [see Williamite War] in 1689–91 left ...
Catholic Association

Catholic Association  

1823–9.Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Association, founded in Ireland in 1823, was one of the most successful pressure groups of the 19th cent. Its object was to persuade or force the British government ...
Catholic Convention

Catholic Convention  

A representative assembly organized by the Catholic Committee, at Tailor's Hall, Dublin, on 3–8 December 1792 to prepare a petition for relief from the remaining penal laws. The nationwide election ...
Catholic emancipation

Catholic emancipation  

Was achieved by an Act of Parliament of 1829, enabling Roman catholics in Britain to participate fully in public life by abolishing the Test and Corporation Acts. O'Connell's electoral success in the ...
Catholic Emancipation Act

Catholic Emancipation Act  

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History
(1829)Roman Catholics were prohibited from membership of the House of Commons, even after the inclusion of Ireland in the United Kingdom in 1801. The election of Daniel O’Connell for Clare, in 1828, ...
Catholic rent

Catholic rent  

Subscriptions to the Catholic Association, reflecting its narrow initial membership, were fixed at I guinea per year. In February 1824 O'Connell proposed a new category of associate member, with a ...
Charitable Bequests Act

Charitable Bequests Act  

(1844).Like the increased Maynooth Grant, this was part of the programme of reforms by which Peel's government hoped to detach moderate Catholics from repeal. It sought to facilitate legacies ...
Charles Gavan Duffy

Charles Gavan Duffy  

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Literature
(1816–1903),Young Irelander. Born in Monaghan of a middle‐class Catholic family, Duffy became a journalist with the Dublin Morning Register in 1836, and editor of the Belfast Vindicator in 1839. ...
Chartism

Chartism  

A UK parliamentary reform movement of 1837–48, the principles of which were set out in a manifesto called The People's Charter (the name is first used in an address of 1838 by the Chartist William ...
Clare election

Clare election  

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History
(1828)An event in Ireland that led to the passing of the Roman Catholic Relief Act by the British government in 1829. In 1828 Daniel O'Connell, an Irish lawyer, stood for election to Parliament in ...
Derby Dilly

Derby Dilly  

*O'Connell's belittling phrase for the moderate Whigs who, led by four cabinet ministers including Edward Stanley, heir to the Derby earldom, seceded from the reformers in 1834 and began a ...
Dublin Review

Dublin Review  

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Philosophy
An influential RC quarterly, of which the first issue appeared in 1836. In 1969 it was incorporated into The Month, which itself ceased publication in 2001.
duelling

duelling  

The first duel in Canada took place in 1646. In the next 200 years about 300 incidents were reported, ranging from challenges not accepted to actual swordplay or gunfire. Duels ...
Duke of Wellington

Duke of Wellington  

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History
(1769–1852)British soldier and Tory statesman, Prime Minister (1828–30; 1834). Born in Ireland, he served as commander of British forces in the Peninsular War, winning a series of victories against ...
Edward Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby

Edward Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby  

(1799–1869).The longest serving of Conservative leaders. Heir to an ancient title (the main estates in south Lancashire around Knowsley), Stanley, after Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, was a Whig MP ...
Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill

Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill  

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Literature
(c.1743–c.1800),composer of the famous Caoineadh Airt Uí Laoghaire. Born in Derrynane, Co. Kerry, she was an aunt of Daniel O' Connell. In 1767 she fell in love with Art ...
England

England  

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History
The largest division of the United Kingdom. There were settlements in England from at least palaeolithic times, and considerable remains exist of neolithic and Bronze Age cultures. These were ...

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