Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

Occam's razor

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-12 of 12 entries

View:

assumption

assumption  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A fundamental belief or tenet that is taken for granted and requires no proof or reconfirmation when it forms a basic premise in logical reasoning. See also Occam's razor.
identity theory

identity theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
An approach to the mind-body problem, a form of materialism holding that mental states have no separate existence but are identical to physical brain states. See also double-aspect theory, monism.
law of parsimony

law of parsimony  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Another name for Ockham's razor, or more generally for any methodological principle that counsels us to expect nature to use the simplest possible means to any given end.
Lloyd Morgan's canon

Lloyd Morgan's canon  

A frequently paraphrased doctrine propounded in 1894 by the British zoologist and geologist C(onwy) Lloyd Morgan (1852–1936) in his Introduction to Comparative Psychology: ‘In no case may we ...
nominalism

nominalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(as opposed to Realism), the view of those Scholastics and later philosophers who regarded universals or abstract conceptions as a ‘flatus vocis’, mere names without any corresponding reality.
Occam's razor

Occam's razor   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
8 words

a variant spelling of Ockham's razor.

Occam's razor

Occam's razor   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
the principle (attributed to the English philosopher and Franciscan friar William ofOccam, c. 1285–1349) that in explaining a thing no more assumptions should be made than are necessary. ... More
Ockham

Ockham  

A variant spelling of Occam. See Occam's razor.
Ockham's razor

Ockham's razor   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
42 words

a maxim stating that when explaining something there should be a minimal number of assumptions. Entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter

Ockham's razor, or the principle of parsimony

Ockham's razor, or the principle of parsimony   Reference library

Marilyn McCord Adams

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
78 words
A methodological principle dictating a bias towards simplicity in theory construction, where the parameters of simplicity vary from kinds of entity to the number of presupposed axioms to ... More
parsimony

parsimony  

In cladistic analysis, the convention whereby the simplest explanation is preferred, because it requires the fewest conjectures, although the most parsimonious explanation is not always the correct ...
particularization

particularization  

In logic, the method of reasoning in which a general rule is applied to a specific set of facts and circumstances, minimizing assumptions and axioms (the principle of scientific parsimony, or Occam's ...

View: