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coenobite

coenobite  

A religious in vows who lives in a community (as opposed to a hermit). The term is also used in a technical sense of anchorites who occupy separate dwellings and observe a rule of silence, but live ...
compliance

compliance  

Abiding by the advice or instructions of a health professional. Many behavioral scientists prefer to allude to adherence and suggest that “compliance” is a pejorative word, implying coercion.
conformity

conformity  

A tendency of individual members of a group to behave in a manner that agrees with the norms of the group. Groups have norms which members are expected to abide by in order to maintain the integrity ...
Evangelical Counsels

Evangelical Counsels  

The vocation of the rich man (Mt 19) and St Paul's advice on virgins suggested to the Church Fathers the distinction between precept and counsel in the path of spiritual ...
familia

familia  

“In the Middle Ages, the familia of a church designated the whole of the secular persons attached to its service, whether within the monastery or in its dependencies or rural Estates” (Berlière).[...]
Fécamp

Fécamp  

(monastery) In 1001 the Norman duke Richard II invited the Cluniac reformer William of Dijon to become abbot of the recently revived abbey of Fécamp. William’s presence made this favourite ...
Imitation of Christ

Imitation of Christ  

Basic Christian practice, the attempt of a disciple to follow the example of the Lord. It is also the title of a widely influential book on the spiritual life attributed to Thomas à Kempis (15th ...
Jonas of Bobbio

Jonas of Bobbio  

(c.600 - after 659)Jonas entered the monastery of Bobbio in 618, became secretary of Abbot Attalus and then of Abbot Bertulf who commissioned from him a Life of St ...
law of social impact

law of social impact  

A proposition introduced by the US psychologist Bibb Latané (born 1937) in an article in the journal American Psychologist in 1981, designed to explain social influence effects, including persuasion, ...
Michael of Cesena

Michael of Cesena  

(c.1280–1342)Friar Minor and minister general of the Franciscan Order. To preserve the compromise worked out in 1312, at the council of Vienne, between the Spirituals and the community on ...
Milgram Experiment

Milgram Experiment  

A famous experimental procedure introduced in 1963 by the US psychologist Stanley Milgram (1933–84) to study obedience to authority. See obedience.
Militia of Jesus Christ

Militia of Jesus Christ  

The Militia of Jesus Christ was a religious order of military type founded at Parma by a Dominican, Bartolomeo da Vicenza, and approved in 1234. Its members, celibate or married ...
nun

nun  

A member of a religious community of women, typically one living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. The word comes (in Old English) from ecclesiastical Latin nonna, feminine of nonnus ...
Order of Saint James

Order of Saint James  

The Order of St James was an Iberian fraternity of pious soldiers who, in the second half of the 12th c., were organised into a permanent militia in imitation of ...
paranoia

paranoia  

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Overview Page
n.1. a mental illness or a symptom of a mental illness characterized by delusions, sometimes organized into a system. Antipsychotic medication is often beneficial. 2. a state of mind in which the ...
Profession, Monastic

Profession, Monastic  

The act by which an individual committed himself or herself, publicly and in writing, to become a monk or a nun for ever; the decision could not afterwards be revoked ...
social influence

social influence  

Any process whereby a person's attitudes (1), opinions, beliefs, or behaviour are altered or controlled by some form of social communication. It includes conformity, compliance, group polarization, ...
social psychology

social psychology  

The branch of psychology devoted to social behaviour in all its forms, including altruism, attitudes, social compliance, conformity, obedience to authority, person perception, attribution processes, ...
St Benedict

St Benedict  

(c. 480–c. 550),Italian hermit. He established a monastery at Monte of Chancery and his Regula Monachorum (known as the Rule of St Benedict) formed the basis of Western monasticism. His feast day is ...
Stanford prison experiment

Stanford prison experiment  

An experiment, conducted in 1971 by the US social psychologist Philip G(eorge) Zimbardo (born 1933) and several colleagues, in which 24 physically and psychologically healthy male undergraduate ...

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