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Albert of Brandenburg

Albert of Brandenburg  

(1490–1545), elector of the Holy Roman Empire, archbishop of Mainz and Magdeburg, and administrator of Halberstadt.He was the younger son (b. 28 June 1490) of John Cicero, elector of ...
Albert Speer

Albert Speer  

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(1905–81)German Nazi leader. He was the official architect for the Nazi Party, designing the grandiose stadium at Nuremberg (1934). An efficient organizer, he became (1942) Minister for Armaments and ...
Bavaria

Bavaria  

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A south German duchy ruled by the Wittelsbach family (see Appendix 1) from 1180 to 1918. From 1253 to 1504 the duchy was repeatedly partitioned, initially into Upper Bavaria and ...
Caspar Enderlein

Caspar Enderlein  

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(1560–1633),German metalworker, a native of Basel who settled in Nuremberg in 1583. He established his reputation as a master of display pewter with a copy of Briot's famous temperantia ...
Christine Ebner

Christine Ebner  

(1277–1356) Dominican author of mystical revelations and of the Engelthal ‘Sisterbook’ (convent chronicle).Ebner also corresponded regularly with ‘Friend of God’ Henry of Nördlingen and collaborated ...
contado

contado  

In medieval Italy, the rural territory surrounding an urban centre, usually extending to its diocesan boundary. The Latin comitatus (‘county’) originally referred to the territory controlled by a ...
Engelthal

Engelthal  

In the region of Nuremberg. At its foundation, it was at first a beguinage. After being taken over by a community of Dominican nuns in 1248, the convent became a ...
families of town laws

families of town laws  

Legal conditions (rarely, a written law [Stadtrecht]) of some German towns became the source for laws of numerous other towns (founded later and usually smaller). In the Rhineland the laws ...
Ferdinand I

Ferdinand I  

(1503–1564), King of Hungary and Bohemia, later Holy Roman Emperor.Ferdinand laid both the administrative and territorial foundations of the Habsburg empire in central and east central Europe. Born ...
Frederick II

Frederick II  

(Roman emperor) (1194–1250) King of Sicily, emperor, and king of Jerusalem, Frederick was heir to the greatness and turmoil of the Hohenstaufen dynasty.Born in Sicily and crowned king in ...
Golden Bull

Golden Bull  

(of Charles IV) (1356) Promulgated at the imperial diets of Nuremberg and Metz. It regulated the process of election of the king of the Romans, by majority vote. The seven ...
Gravamina

Gravamina  

Is the plural of Late Latin gravamen, which means a burden, imposition, or aggravation, a wrong inflicted; also (in medieval usage) a complaint or remonstrance, a demand for relief; hence ...
Hanns Schmuttermayer

Hanns Schmuttermayer  

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(fl. 1487; d. after 1518)A Nuremberg goldsmith and mint master who wrote a booklet on how to design a pinnacle and ‘gablet’ (small gable) by the art of geometry. ...
Heiligen Leben

Heiligen Leben  

Most popular and widely transmitted medieval and early modern vernacular legendary. Extant in 197 MSS, 33 High German and 8 Low German (Dat Passionael) imprints from 1471/2 to 1521, the ...
Hohenzollern

Hohenzollern  

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A German dynastic family from which came the kings of Prussia from 1701 to 1918 and German emperors (of whom the last was Kaiser Wilhelm II) from 1871 to 1918.
Johann Caspar Ripp

Johann Caspar Ripp  

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(b 1681; d 1726).Dutch faience decorator. After an apprenticeship in Delft he had an itinerant career which included periods in Frankfurt am main faience Factory (1702–8), Hanau faience Factory ...
Johann Nider

Johann Nider  

(1380–1438)An Observant Friar Preacher, born in Swabia in 1380, died at Nuremberg in 1438, Johann Nider entered the Dominican Order at the convent of Colmar which Raymond of Capua ...
Johannes Herolt

Johannes Herolt  

(died 1486)A Dominican, Johannes Herolt was one of the foremost figures of the new Dominican spirituality of 15th-c. Germany, combining pastoral aims with mystical spirituality. Though his career was ...
John Tauler

John Tauler  

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(d. 1361), German spiritual teacher. He was probably born near the end of the 13th cent. He joined the Dominican Order at Strasbourg. He was famous as a preacher and director of nuns. Apart from his ...
Konrad Witz

Konrad Witz  

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(c.1400×10–1445/6).Swiss painter, a native of the German town of Rottweil (Württemberg) who settled in Basle in 1434. Despite his relatively short career, a remarkable number of paintings survive, ...

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