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Robert Nozick

(1938—2002)

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Alvin I. Goldman

Alvin I. Goldman  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1938– ).Professor of Philosophy, University of Arizona, best known for a thoroughgoing ‘naturalized’ approach to epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of mind, an approach that takes ...
Alvin Plantinga

Alvin Plantinga  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1932– ).American philosopher known for the way in which he applies results of his work in other areas of analytic philosophy to traditional issues in philosophy of religion. In God ...
David Gauthier

David Gauthier  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1932– ).Canadian moral philosopher who has specialized in the study of the relationship between reason and morality. He is a leading contemporary proponent of the view, descending from Hobbes, that ...
deductive closure principle

deductive closure principle  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A principle in the logic of knowledge that has found general favour. It states that if S knows that p, and knows that p entails q, then S knows that q. Knowledge is preserved over known entailment. ...
entitlement

entitlement  

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Benefits to which the recipients have a legal right. Such benefits form part of mandatory expenditure for the government. They are contrasted with discretionary benefits, which the donor is empowered ...
John Rawls

John Rawls  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1921–2002)American moral and political philosopher. Born in Baltimore, Rawls was educated at Princeton. After teaching at Princeton, Cornell, and MIT, he joined Harvard in 1962. His major work, A ...
Kai Edward Nielsen

Kai Edward Nielsen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1926–)Kai Nielsen was born on 15 May 1926 in Marshall, Michigan. He was raised in Moline, Illinois and after graduating from high school he attended the US Maritime Academy ...
labour theory of value

labour theory of value  

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A statement postulated in Marxian economics that the value of goods and services is determined by the amount of direct and indirect labour inputs needed to produce them.
libertarianism

libertarianism  

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A view that seeks to protect the reality of human free will by supposing that a free choice is not causally determined but not random either (see dilemma of determinism). What is needed is the ...
market socialism

market socialism  

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Overview Page
The doctrine that socialism can and should be achieved without a massive state apparatus. Market socialists believe that while capital can and should be owned cooperatively, or in some cases by the ...
Michael Walzer

Michael Walzer  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1935– ).American political philosopher who has specialized in the study of democracy, justice, and ethical relativism. He is particularly interested in the processes through which each community ...
obligation

obligation  

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1. The duty of a borrower to repay a loan and that of the lender to ensure that repayment is made.2. A bond or other promise to pay a sum of money.
Saul Aaron Kripke

Saul Aaron Kripke  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1940– )American logician and philosopher. Born in New York and educated at Harvard and Oxford, Kripke made his early reputation as a logical prodigy, especially through work on the completeness of ...
side-constraint

side-constraint  

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Overview Page
Moral constraint on the pursuit of an individual's goals. In particular, Robert Nozick, in Anarchy, State and Utopia, suggests looking at rights as side‐constraints. This perspective is presented as ...

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