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actuarial prediction

actuarial prediction  

Any prediction of behaviour based on purely statistical information and not subjective judgement. It is characterized by mechanical processing of information, leading to probabilities representing ...
behavioural decision theory

behavioural decision theory  

An approach to judgement and decision making focusing on subjective expected utility and on departures from normative (1) theories such as Bayes' theorem and utility theory. It was first put forward ...
critical theory

critical theory  

1. Theories associated with the neo-Marxist Frankfurt school which involve the ideological analysis of society and culture. Influenced by Marxist theory and Freudian psychoanalytic theory.2. Any ...
decision theory

decision theory  

A normative (1) approach to decision making based on expected utility theory, some versions also incorporating Bayesian inference. It starts from the assumption that, for any pair of alternatives, ...
game theory

game theory  

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Overview Page
This concerns making rational decisions under uncertain conditions. In geography, game theory is often used to overcome or outwit the environment. A. Dinar et al. (2008) apply game theory to ...
Grundnorm

Grundnorm  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(basic norm)A hypothetical basic norm (‘ought’ rather than ‘is’); the ultimate, foundational principle from which the validity of all norms can be drawn by the fact that they exist ...
Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart

Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1907–92)English philosopher of law. Hart's first career was as a lawyer; he became Fellow and Tutor in philosophy at New College, Oxford (1945–52), then professor of jurisprudence at Oxford ...
ipsative

ipsative  

In psychometrics, a property of a multi-score measuring instrument in which responses that increase one of the scores necessarily reduce one or more of the others, so that the various scores must be ...
juridification

juridification  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Where social and economic activities come increasingly to be governed by legal rules at the expense of the values and principles that develop within those social and economic spheres themselves ...
legal positivism

legal positivism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
An approach to law that rejects natural law and contends that the law as laid down (positum) should be kept separate – for the purpose of study and analysis – from the law as it ought morally to be. ...
moral law

moral law  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The body of laws to which individuals feel themselves subject, often through their religious beliefs. See also canon law; natural law.
morality

morality  

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Overview Page
n. a system of values, normative rules, or principles according to which intentions or behaviours are judged to be good or bad, right or wrong. Such judgment can arise from cultural, religious, or ...
native title

native title  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A property interest recognised and protected under the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) (NTA) that cannot be extinguished contrary to the NTA: ss 10–11. The NTA defines native title or ...
operations law

operations law  

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Overview Page
The normative framework associated with the planning, management and conduct of military operations in peacetime and during hostilities.
psychological decision theory

psychological decision theory  

A normative (2) and descriptive approach to judgement and decision introduced in the early 1970s by the Israeli psychologists Amos Tversky (1937–96) and Daniel Kahneman (born 1934) and the US ...
rational choice theory

rational choice theory  

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Overview Page
A theory in criminology which holds that offenders make rational decisions to seek advantage for themselves by criminal behaviour.
reasonable foreseeability

reasonable foreseeability  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(torts)The fundamental test for the imposition of a duty of care in injury cases in torts (both pure psychiatric injury or nervous shock and physical injury) is reasonable foresight ...
rules

rules  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In general, norms which either guide or constrain behaviour or thought.Ever since Wittgenstein, philosophers have focused their interest on the notion of rule or norm which is relevant to ...
utilitarianism

utilitarianism  

The doctrine that actions are right if they are useful or for the benefit of a majority; the doctrine that an action is right in so far as it promotes happiness, and that the greatest happiness of ...

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