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Aarhus Convention

Aarhus Convention  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
On 25 June 1998, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe adopted the Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision‐Making and Access to Justice in Environmental ...
African Charter on Human and People's Rights

African Charter on Human and People's Rights  

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Overview Page
A charter adopted by the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union) in 1981 and ratified by 35 of its members. The Charter reaffirms the duty of African states to eliminate colonialism, ...
African Union

African Union  

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Overview Page
(AU)An organization of African States created in 2001 as the successor to the Organization of African Unity (OAU) (formed in 1963). It aims to extend the OAU's policy of seeking cooperative solutions ...
Agriculture and Agricultural Land

Agriculture and Agricultural Land  

The use of land for the production of food, fiber, and fuel is the principal driver of land use and land cover change and, therefore, a key forcing function of ...
amicus curiae

amicus curiae  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
[Latin: friend of the court or tribunal]A non-party who gives evidence before the court so as to assist it with research, argument, or submissions. For example, in the House of Lords decision on ...
Amnesty International

Amnesty International  

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Overview Page
An independent international organization in support of human rights, especially for prisoners of conscience, founded in London in 1961. The organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Association of Southeast Asian Nations  

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Overview Page
An intergovernmental organisation established in 1967 to accelerate economic growth and promote social progress and regional peace and stability in the region. www.aseansec.org
Bangladesh

Bangladesh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A tropical low-lying country of the Indian subcontinent.Physical.Situated at the head of the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh is mainly occupied by the deltas of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. It is a land ...
Biodiversity Action Network

Biodiversity Action Network  

An international network of non‐governmental organizations working to strengthen biodiversity policy and law.
Business and Human Rights

Business and Human Rights  

At first glance, the question of business and human rights can seem both simple and irrelevant. The question can appear irrelevant because sovereign states have traditionally been the duty-bearers ...
Care International

Care International  

CARE International is an international confederation of independent humanitarian and development organizations that are committed to helping communities in the developing world achieve lasting ...
Carter Center

Carter Center  

The Carter Center is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter to promote human rights and democracy, prevent and ...
Charity and Charitable Organizations

Charity and Charitable Organizations  

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Overview Page
The years since the 1980s have seen a substantial rise in the amount of attention paid to the role played by charity and philanthropy in the history of welfare provision. ...
Chile

Chile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Chile has set aside the Pinochet years, and now has a stable democracy and a successful economyChile is remarkably narrow: 4,329 kilometres long and on average no more than 180 kilometres wide. From ...
Citizens Advice Bureau

Citizens Advice Bureau  

A municipal organization chiefly in the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand, staffed by paid professionals trained in such fields as social work and/or by untrained or partially trained ...
Civil and Political Rights

Civil and Political Rights  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights set down a large number of rights, amongst which are the civil and political rights that were afterwards to be fleshed out in the ...
civil society

civil society  

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Overview Page
The set of intermediate associations which are neither the state nor the (extended) family; civil society therefore includes voluntary associations and firms and other corporate bodies. The term has ...
Community Peacebuilding Initiatives, Local NGOs and

Community Peacebuilding Initiatives, Local NGOs and  

With the shift from traditional peacekeeping approaches, intended to stop direct violence, toward longer-term peacebuilding processes, aimed at addressing the root causes of armed conflict and ...
Confidence-Building Measures

Confidence-Building Measures  

Confidence-building measures (CBMs) are broadly defined as actions taken to build trust and reduce tension between states, communities, or parties in conflict. The term’s official usage can be traced ...
conflict

conflict  

[This entry contains four subentries: Distant Early Warnings; Phases; Social Theories; and Typologies.]Distant early warning systems are an outgrowth of research undertaken by international relations ...

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