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Nicholas III

(1277—1280)

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Benedict XIII

Benedict XIII  

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(1649–1730), Pope from 1724. A Dominican, he presided over the provincial Lateran Council of 1725 which tried to reform clerical morals. Also in 1725 he confirmed the bull ‘Unigenitus’, though he ...
Colonna family

Colonna family  

A Ghibelline family that held large estates in the Papal State south of Rome and in the kingdom of Naples; the Colonna were the perpetual rivals of the Orsini, whose ...
John XXI

John XXI  

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(d. 1277), Pope from 1276. Peter of Spain was born in Lisbon, probably not later than c.1205. In 1273 he was elected Abp. of Braga and created Cardinal Bishop of Frascati; in this capacity he ...
John XXII

John XXII  

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(7 Aug. 1316–4 Dec. 1334)The cardinals took over two years to find a successor to Clement V. Meeting first at Carpentras, they dispersed because of violence, and only reassembled at Lyons, under ...
Martin IV

Martin IV  

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(c.1210–85), Pope from 1281. Simon de Brie was elected through the influence of Charles of Anjou, on whom he remained dependent throughout his pontificate. With a view to assisting the planned attack ...
Martin of Opava

Martin of Opava  

(c.1220–1278)Known in the Middle Ages as Martin the Pole, Martin Strebski, a native of Troppau (Opava) in Bohemia, entered the Dominican Order at the convent of Prague, which then ...
Meletios the Younger

Meletios the Younger  

Also called Meletios of Myoupolis, saint; born in village of Moutalaske, Cappadocia, ca.1035, died in monastery of Myoupolis, Boeotia, ca.1105; feastday 1 Sept. At age 15 he left his village ...
Nicholas III, Pope

Nicholas III, Pope (1210)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
132 words

(1210/20–1280)

Giangaetano Orsini was the son of senator Matteo Rosso, to whom St Francis

Nicholas IV

Nicholas IV  

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Religion
(22 Feb. 1288–4 Apr. 1292)The vacancy after Honorius IV's death dragged on for almost eleven months. The conclave, held in Honorius' new palace, was hopelessly divided, and when six cardinals died in ...
Nicholas III

Nicholas III (25 Nov. 1277)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
253 words

(Giovanni Gaetano Orsini), pope (from 25 Nov. 1277); born Rome ca.1216 (according to R. Sternfeld,

Orsini family

Orsini family  

Noble Roman family rival to the Colonna, it contributed popes and cardinals, statesmen, and men of arms to the papacy, the city of Rome, and the Angevins of Naples. The ...
Peter John Olivi

Peter John Olivi  

(c.1248–1296)Entering the Franciscan Order very young, Peter John Olivi studied theology at Paris: he was a pupil of Bonaventure, who influenced him profoundly, but he never obtained the title ...
Robert Guiscard

Robert Guiscard  

(died 1085)Son of Tancred, lord of Hauteville-la-Guichard (near Coutances) and his second wife, he represents the most perfect success of a younger son who set out to pursue adventure in the 11th ...
Roger Bacon

Roger Bacon  

(c.1214–1292/1294)Roger Bacon, born in England, was a Franciscan theologian. His own writings are almost our only source for his life. He studied and lectured at the universities of Oxford ...
States of the Church

States of the Church  

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Those parts of Italy and the territory of Avignon and Venaissin in France which at one time acknowledged the temporal sovereignty of the Papacy. Some of these lands were also known as the ‘Patrimony ...
Umbria

Umbria  

The region derives its name from the Umbri, a people whose supremacy once extended from the Tyrrenian to the Adriatic and the mouths of the Po, including much of lower ...

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