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Australia

Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchyAustralia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest island—is dominated by a ...
Australian Capital Territory

Australian Capital Territory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) was established under s 125 of the Constitution to be the seat of government for the Commonwealth of Australia. Because of a compromise on the ...
Australian Labor Party

Australian Labor Party  

(ALP)is the oldest political party in Australia. Its origins lie in the formation of electoral organisations by trade unionists and socialists from the late 1880s. The defeat of the ...
British Empire

British Empire  

At its apogee, around 1920, the British empire was the largest ever known, reputed to cover a quarter of the world's land area, and a fifth of its population. Like all mighty oaks, this one had a ...
Campaign finance

Campaign finance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The campaign finance system in Australia allows large sums of money to flow freely for political purposes. Very few restrictions are placed on anyone who wishes to give money to ...
Electioneering

Electioneering  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Electioneering—the effort parties and others make to persuade electors to vote a particular way—formally begins once the date of an election or referendum is announced; for national elections, the ...
electoral system

electoral system  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any set of rules whereby the votes of citizens determine the selection of executives and/or legislators. Electoral systems may be categorized in several ways. The most useful is probably a three‐way ...
Equalisation

Equalisation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The principle of ‘a fair go for all’ underlies much Political rhetoric in Australia. Historically it has been extended to encompass the ability of state governments to provide services that are ...
Ethnic politics

Ethnic politics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
‘Ethnic politics’ usually refers to political representation and participation of ethnic minorities in the political system. In Australia ‘ethnic’ has been generally used to refer to immigrants (and ...
Eureka Stockade

Eureka Stockade  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A rebellion of miners on the Ballarat goldfields in 1854, has become a symbol of democratic protest and national identity. In October 1854 James Scobie, a Scottish digger, seeking a ...
Fabianism

Fabianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Fabian Society, which was established in London in 1884, took its name from Fabius Cunctator, the Roman General who applied carefully conceived tactics of preparation, attrition, and judicious ...
Founders

Founders  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Who were the founders of the Australian Commonwealth? John La Nauze, the Federation's pre-eminent historian, speculated in 1972 that perhaps twenty or fewer of the founders were known to the ...
George Reid

George Reid  

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Overview Page
George Houstoun Reid (1845–1918) was Australia's fourth prime minister, in office from 18 August 1904 until 5 July 1905. A wily and jovial politician, Reid had been an influential premier ...
gerrymandering

gerrymandering  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Redrawing constituency boundaries for political gain. It involves ‘careful drawing of constituency boundaries by a party so that either it wins a particular seat or, more generally, it wins more ...
Government business enterprise

Government business enterprise  

Reference type:
Overview Page
‘Government business enterprise’ (GBE) is a term adopted in the 1980s by Canberra public sector reformers of the New Public Management (NPM) style for a much older phenomenon—government in business ...
Governor

Governor  

Have undergone a transformation in Australia since 1788. Captain Arthur Phillip, first governor of NSW, was practically the absolute ruler of the penal settlement. His successors (also naval captains ...
Governor-General

Governor-General  

The Constitution Act, 1867 (section 12), refers to but does not create this office, which represents the sovereign in Canada. That was done by Letters Patent issued in 1878. In ...
Green bans

Green bans  

Were industrial bans enforced by builders labourers' and workers' unions in the 1970s that prevented demolition or damage to properties of built or natural heritage significance. The first such bans ...
green politics

green politics  

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Overview Page
An approach to politics in which environmental issues are taken seriously.
Greens

Greens  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Are a political group concerned with protecting the environment that has gained increasing power and importance since the 1960s. Despite their unsuccessful battle in the early 1970s to stop the ...

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