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Nāyaṇmār

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Āḻvārs

Āḻvārs  

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Religion
6th–9th centuries ce)The name given to twelve South Indian poet-saints, whose works, and the personal experience of God that they evoked, were highly influential in the development and practice of ...
Appar

Appar  

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Religion
(Late 6th or 7th cent. ce).A Tamil poet, one of the sixty-three Nāyaṇmārs. A devotee of Śiva, his 312 surviving hymns remain in use. He is a model of the self-effacing servant of the Lord.[...]
bhakti

bhakti  

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Religion
(Sanskrit, worship)The devotion due to God, the blessed one (Bhagavat).
Cēkkil−ār

Cēkkil−ār  

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Religion
(12th century ce)The author, or compiler, of the most important Tamil Śaiva hagiographical work, the Periya Purāṇam (‘Great Purāṇa’) (also known as the Tiruttoṇṭarpurāṇam), which deals with the lives ...
Cuntarar

Cuntarar  

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Religion
(7th–8th century ce)A Tamil Śaiva saint and bhakti poet, and among the most prominent of the 63 Nāyaṉmār, Cuntarar is regarded as one of the founders of the Śaiva Siddhānta tradition in southern ...
Kālahasti

Kālahasti  

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Religion
A major Śaiva pilgrimage centre and temple site in Andhra Pradesh, incorporating the 16th/17th century ce Kālahastīśvara temple, which contains one of the five Śiva liṅgas embodying the elements, in ...
Kaṇṇappanāyaṉār

Kaṇṇappanāyaṉār  

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Religion
One of the 63 Nāyaṉmār bhakta saints. According to legend, he was a hunter so devoted to Śiva that, when he saw blood dripping from the eye of a liṅga, he plucked out his own eye to replace it, and ...
Kāraikkāl Ammai(yār)

Kāraikkāl Ammai(yār)  

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Religion
c.6th century ce?)One of the 63 Nāyaṉmār bhakta saints. According to the hagiographies, she was born into a vaiśya family in the South Indian town of Kāraikkāl (south of Pondicherry). Her Tamil poems ...
Māṇikkavācakar

Māṇikkavācakar  

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Religion
(‘the ruby-worded saint’, 8th or 9th cent.).Tamil poet and holy man, a Saivite devotee, one of the Nāyaṇmārs. He became one of the greatest of the poets of devotion ...
Śaiva

Śaiva  

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Religion
A member of one of the main branches of modern Hinduism, devoted to the worship of the god Shiva as the supreme being.
Śaiva Siddhānta

Śaiva Siddhānta  

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Religion
A major Śaiva ritual and theological tradition. Originating in Kashmir as the division of the mantramārga which regarded the ten Śiva- and eighteen Rudra-Āgamas as direct revelation from Śiva ...
Tamil

Tamil  

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Linguistics
1 One of the major Dravidian languages of South India. There are approximately 60 million Tamil speakers at the beginning of the 21st century, mostly in the state of Tamil Nadu, but including over ...
Tēvāram

Tēvāram  

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Music
c.7th century ce)A collection of Tamil Śaiva Siddhānta bhakti hymns attributed to the three Nāyaṉmār, Campantar, Appar, and Cuntarar. It constitutes the first seven books, and probably the best known ...
Tirumuṟai

Tirumuṟai  

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Religion
The vast collection of poetry, hagiographies, and theological material which makes up what is sometimes referred to as the Tamil Śaiva Siddhānta canon (although it is only actually part of it). ...
Tiruñāṉa Campantar

Tiruñāṉa Campantar  

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Religion
(c.7th century ce)A Tamil Śaiva saint and bhakti poet, and among the most prominent of the 63 Nāyaṉmār, Campantar is regarded as one of the founders of the Śaiva Siddhānta tradition in southern ...

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