Update

Overview

Las Navas de Tolosa

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-14 of 14 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

al-Andalus

al-Andalus  

Arabic name given to the geographical area of the Iberian Peninsula that came under Muslim control in the MA, from 711 to 1492. This period is often referred to as ...
Alfonso VIII of Castile

Alfonso VIII of Castile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c. 1155–1214),king of Castile (1158–1214). Alfonso VIII inherited the throne of Castile at the age of two from his father, Sancho III (r. 1157–1158). Sancho’s premature death left his ...
Algarve

Algarve  

Southernmost region of present-day Portugal, stretching from the mouth of the Guadiana river in the east to Cape St Vincent in the west. Its history reaches back to antiquity. Its ...
Aragon

Aragon  

An autonomous region of NE Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, which was conquered in the 5th ...
Castile

Castile  

A region of central Spain, on the central plateau of the Iberian peninsula, formerly an independent Spanish kingdom. The marriage of Isabella of Castile to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 linked these ...
jihad

jihad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A holy war undertaken by Muslims against unbelievers. The name comes from Arabic jihād, literally ‘effort’, expressing, in Muslim thought, struggle on behalf of God and Islam.
Jiménez de Rada, Rodrigo

Jiménez de Rada, Rodrigo  

(1170–1247)From a Navarrese family, he studied in Bologna and Paris. Winning favour with Alfonso VIII of Castile, he was made in quick succession bishop of Osma (1208), then archbishop ...
Las Huelgas

Las Huelgas  

The royal monastery of Las Huelgas, founded in c.1180 by King Alfonso VIII of Castile at the request of his wife Eleanor of England, was built in the outskirts of ...
Navarre

Navarre  

An autonomous region of northern Spain, on the border with France; capital, Pamplona. It represents the southern part of the former kingdom of Navarre, which was conquered by Ferdinand in 1512 and ...
Order of Calatrava

Order of Calatrava  

The Order of Calatrava was one of the first native Military orders founded in the Iberian peninsula, in the 12th century. Its origins go back to the recovery of a ...
pastoureaux

pastoureaux  

Under the name “crusades of the pastoureaux” are grouped together three waves of rather enigmatic departures of children, poor people or shepherds for the Holy Land, which they reckoned themselves ...
Peter II of Aragon

Peter II of Aragon  

(c.1174–1213)In 1196, Peter II inherited the kingdom of Aragon and the Catalan counties from his father Alfonso II. In 1204 he married Maria, lady of Pontpellier. Close to Alfonso ...
Reconquista

Reconquista  

The Muslim conquest of the Iberian peninsula began with the invasion of 711; the peninsula was largely subdued by 718, when the mixed Arab and Berber army crossed the Pyrenees ...
Toledo

Toledo  

A city in central Spain on the River Tagus, which from the first century was famous for its steel and sword blades; from the late 16th century, Toledo was used for a sword made there, or for one of ...

View: