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Nation of Islam

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African American Religion.

African American Religion.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The religious beliefs of so large and diverse a population cannot be unified into a single, artificial scheme. The African dispersion has now mingled with many other sources, and black ...
Afrocentrism

Afrocentrism  

Afrocentrism is a theoretical concept that examines blacks of African descent as the subject of their experiences. It is an academic, historical approach to the study of world history. The ...
American Muslim Mission

American Muslim Mission  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Formerly known as World Community of Islam in the West, but changed its name in 1978 and came into closer relationship with mainstream Sunni Islam. Led by Warith Deen Muhammad until his death in ...
Benjamin Chavis-Muhammad

Benjamin Chavis-Muhammad  

(b. 22 January 1948),minister and civil rights activist. Benjamin Franklin Chavis Jr. was born in segregated Oxford, North Carolina, to a family that had an impressive legacy within the ...
Betty Shabazz

Betty Shabazz  

(b. 28 May 1936; d. 23 June 1997),widow of Malcolm X and educator. Born Betty Jean Sanders in Detroit, Michigan, Shabazz was raised there in a middle-class family by ...
Black Church

Black Church  

Apart from the ancient Churches of Nubia and Ethiopia, Black Churches originated in the 18th cent. among the descendants of African slaves in the United States of America. From the 1740s, evangelical ...
Black Consciousness

Black Consciousness  

An awareness of the identity, aspirations, and commonality of the Black peoples of the world by those of African origin. In the 1920s it developed rapidly in the USA, where Marcus Garvey became a ...
Black Muslims

Black Muslims  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Members of an African American nationalist religious movement. It was founded in Detroit in the 1930s by Wallace D. Fard (sometimes Ford, later known as Wali Farad). He was known ...
Black Nationalism

Black Nationalism  

An important ideology in African American history, black nationalism is grounded in the belief that efforts to operate within a political system deemed racist and unresponsive to black needs are ...
Black-Jewish Relations

Black-Jewish Relations  

Black-Jewish relations represent a richly layered chapter in twentieth-century U.S. history and, depending upon the area of activity or the time period involved, convey distinctive lessons not just ...
COINTELPRO

COINTELPRO  

The reach of the FBI's Counter Intelligence Program, or COINTELPRO, extended to all so-called dissident groups, including the American Indian Movement (AIM), the Communist Party, the Socialist ...
conversion

conversion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The term implies rejection of one way of life for another, generally better, after brief and intense insight into the shortcomings of self or the demands of circumstance. Ancient religious cult did ...
Elijah Muhammad

Elijah Muhammad  

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Subject:
Religion
(1897–1975).Leader of the Nation of Islam, the American Black Muslim movement, called more fully ‘The Lost-Found Nation of Islam’, or, from 1976, ‘The World Community of Islam in the ...
Fruit of Islam

Fruit of Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Elite male group of adherents of the Nation of Islam who provide security for Nation of Islam leaders and enforce disciplinary rules. Dismantled by Warith Deen Muhammad in 1975 after he assumed ...
Ijtihād

Ijtihād  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islamic legal term meaning “independent reasoning,” as opposed to taqlid (imitation). One of four sources of Sunni law. Utilized where the Quran and Sunnah (the first two sources) are silent. It ...
Islam

Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.Founded in the Arabian peninsula in the 7th century ad, Islam is now the professed ...
Islam in America

Islam in America  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The first Muslims to arrive in America were black African slaves, most of whom were forced to convert to Christianity. Beginning in the late 1800s some Muslims came to America as part of a ...
Louis Farrakhan

Louis Farrakhan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1933)Born Louis Eugene Wolcott. Controversial leader and charismatic preacher of the Nation of Islam. Preaches black unity, self-knowledge, independence, and black nationalist and separatist ...
Malcolm X

Malcolm X  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1925–65)US political activist. He joined the Black Muslims (Nation of Islam) in 1946 and during the 1950s and early 1960s became a vigorous campaigner against the exploitation of blacks. He ...
March on Washington

March on Washington  

In 1941, President Roosevelt signed an equal employment order designed to strike at racial discrimination in federal employment and forestall a march by 100,000 African Americans on the American ...

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