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A2A

A2A  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Access to Archives web site, which contains catalogues of archives held in record offices across England.http://www.a2a.org.uk Access to Archives.
Act of Parliament

Act of Parliament  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A statute; what a parliament enacts when it makes laws. The terms ‘statute’ and ‘Act’ are interchangeable.
adoption

adoption  

In the heroic monomyth, the divine child is often adopted by menials or animals after being abandoned or threatened in some way. Oedipus, Sigurd (Siegfried), Krishna, Cybele, and Romulus and Remus ...
agricultural statistics

agricultural statistics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The 1801 crop returns, which are housed in the Public Record Office under HO 67, are responses on printed forms to government enquiries sent to local clergymen. They are arranged ...
annuity

annuity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A contract by which a financial institution such as an insurance company agrees to provide a regular income for the remainder of the holder's life. The name annuity arises from annual payments, but ...
army records

army records  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
See the Public Record Office Records Information leaflet no. 59, ‘British Army Records as Sources for Biography and Genealogy’.Personal information about officers should be first sought in the ...
assize

assize  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A procedure introduced into English law in the later 12th century by Henry II. The Assize of Clarendon (1166), which dealt with criminal trials, and the Assize of Arms (1181), which reorganized local ...
Association Oath Rolls

Association Oath Rolls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
After a plot to assassinate William III in 1696, an Act of Association required all office holders to take a solemn oath of association by which they vowed to help preserve King William III's person ...
asylums

asylums  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
For the insane had medieval origins in Britain, with London's Bethlem Hospital (Bedlam) the most famous. Its shortened name passed into the language as befitted a frame of mind in which madness was ...
attainder

attainder  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The extinction of civil rights and powers when judgement of death or outlawry was recorded against a person convicted of treason or felony. It was the severest English common law penalty, for an ...
auditor

auditor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The Office of the Auditors of Land Revenue formed a sub‐department of the Exchequer from the abolition of the Court of Augmentations in 1554 until 1832. Its records are kept at The National Archives ...
aulnage

aulnage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Edward I (1272–1307) appointed aulnagers to give their seal of approval to cloths manufactured to standard sizes and quality. Aulnage was extended to knitted goods in the 16th century. The ...
bankruptcy

bankruptcy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The state of a person who has been adjudged by a court to be insolvent. The court orders the compulsory administration of a bankrupt's affairs so that his assets can be fairly distributed among his ...
borough

borough  

The word ‘borough’ (‘burgh’ in Scotland) has caused endless confusion. The Old English (Anglo‐Saxon) terms burg, burh, and byrig were used originally for fortified places. By 1086, however, Domesday ...
Cartae Antiquae Rolls

Cartae Antiquae Rolls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A series of 46 rolls at the Public Record Office, containing transcripts of documents from 1189 to 1327, which renewed or confirmed privileges, e.g. charters.
Catholic Record Society

Catholic Record Society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A society housed at 114 Mount Street, London W1K 3AH, which was founded in 1905 to publish historical records concerning Roman Catholicism in Britain, including registers of baptisms, burials, and ...
census returns

census returns  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The first census for the whole of Britain, except Ireland, was taken in 1801, but no central archival material survives from that exercise or from the following censuses of 1811, 1821, and 1831.[...]
certificates of residence

certificates of residence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The practice in the 16th and 17th centuries of issuing certificates to show that people who had paid their lay subsidy and had then moved elsewhere should not be charged again. The certificates are ...
Charter Rolls

Charter Rolls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Records from the Court of Chancery, dating from 1199 to 1517, of royal grants of land or rights, and confirmations of such grants. They are housed at The National Archives under C 53 and have all ...
Chelsea Hospital

Chelsea Hospital  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(London) was founded by Charles II for veteran soldiers. The pensioners wear an 18th‐cent. uniform and celebrate the founder on Oak Apple Day (29 May). The buildings were by Christopher Wren and the ...

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