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Napoleon I

(1769—1821)

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Alexander I

Alexander I  

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Overview Page
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History
(1777–1825)Emperor of Russia (1801–25). The son of Paul I (in whose murder he may indirectly have assisted), he set out to reform Russia and correct many of the injustices of the preceding reign. His ...
Antoine-Henri Jomini

Antoine-Henri Jomini  

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(1779–1869) Swiss authority on the art of war who wrote histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great and of Napoleon, in whose service he fought. In his writings he ...
Antoine-Louis-Claude Destutt de Tracy

Antoine-Louis-Claude Destutt de Tracy  

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Literature
(1754–1836), French philosopher. In a memoir of 20 June 1796 at the Class of Moral and Political Sciences of the new National Institute, Destutt de Tracy invented the term Ideology ...
Arthur Upfield

Arthur Upfield  

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Literature
(1890–1964),born Gosport, England, arrived in Australia in 1910, largely through the insistence of his draper parents, who were convinced that he had no intention of settling to the conventional ...
Basil H. Liddell Hart

Basil H. Liddell Hart  

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(1895–1970), English military writer and theorist.Liddell Hart, Cambridge‐educated, served as an infantry officer on the western front in World War I (twice wounded) and retired from the army as ...
Battle of Austerlitz

Battle of Austerlitz  

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A battle in 1805 near the town of Austerlitz (now in the Czech Republic), in which Napoleon defeated the Austrians and Russians.
Battle of Borodino

Battle of Borodino  

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(7 September 1812)A battle fought between Russia and France, about 110 km (70 miles) west of Moscow. Here Kutuzov chose to take his stand against Napoleon's army. The Russian position was centred ...
Battle of Jena

Battle of Jena  

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(14 October 1806)A battle between the Prussian army, led by Prince Hohenlohe, and Napoleon's French forces, fought near the German town of that name. The Prussians underestimated the size of the ...
Battle of Leipzig

Battle of Leipzig  

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History
(also called the “Battle of the Nations”, 16–19 October 1813) A decisive battle in the Napoleonic Wars. It was fought just outside the city of Leipzig in Saxony, by an army under Napoleon of some ...
battle of the Nile

battle of the Nile  

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History
1798.The site of this annihilating encounter was the western end of Aboukir Bay, east of Alexandria. close to Rosetta on the Nile delta. In the evening of 1 August 1798, Nelson sighted Brueys's ships ...
Battle of the Pyramids

Battle of the Pyramids  

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(21 July 1798)The decisive battle fought near the pyramids of Giza that gave Napoleon control of Egypt. He took Alexandria by storm on 2 July, and then, with 40,000 men defeated a Mameluke army of ...
Battle of Trafalgar

Battle of Trafalgar  

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(21 October 1805)A naval engagement between the combined French and Spanish fleets, and the British, fought off Cape Trafalgar near the Spanish port of Cadiz. After failing to lure the British fleet ...
battle of Vitoria

battle of Vitoria  

(21 June 1813)A battle fought between the French and the British near the Basque city of Vitoria, during the Peninsular War. Wellington decisively defeated the French under Joseph Bonaparte and ...
Battle of Waterloo

Battle of Waterloo  

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(18 June 1815)A decisive battle between French and British and Prussian forces near the Belgian village of Waterloo. It was fought during the Hundred Days of Napoleon between his hastily recruited ...
Benjamin Constant

Benjamin Constant  

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Literature
(1767–1830) French novelist and autobiographerAdolphe (1816) FictionMy Life [Ma Vie (Le Cahier rouge)] (1907) Non-FictionCécile (1951) FictionAdolphe (1816) FictionMy Life [Ma Vie (Le Cahier rouge)] ...
Bonaparte

Bonaparte  

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A Corsican family including the three actual or titular rulers of France named Napoleon; during the Napoleonic Wars, the informal Boney was often used as a disparaging reference to Napoleon I.
Bonapartism

Bonapartism  

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Literature
Originally used to describe the regime of Napoleon Bonaparte, the term now refers more generally to autocratic, highly centralized regimes dominated by the military. Bonapartism can also include ...
books read by the Brontës

books read by the Brontës  

THE writing of the Brontës is characterized by a particular richness of literary allusion that reflects their extensive reading and eclectic interests. The Brontës knew intimately the Bible (they ...
Borghese

Borghese  

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Italian princely family, originally of Siena, later Rome. Camillo Borghese (1552–1621) became Pope as Paul V in 1605. Another Camillo (1775–1832) married Marie Pauline Bonaparte, the sister of ...
Bourbon

Bourbon  

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The surname of a branch of the royal family of France. The Bourbons ruled France from 1589, when Henry IV succeeded to the throne, until the monarchy was overthrown in 1848, and reached the peak of ...

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