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Naḥmanides

(1194—1270)

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Aharon Ben Yosef Ha-Levi

Aharon Ben Yosef Ha-Levi  

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Religion
(13th–14th cent.), Talmudic scholar and commentator also known as Harah. He was born in Barcelona and was a student of Moses Nahmanides.Very few of Aharon ben Yosef ha-Levi’s works ...
antediluvian

antediluvian  

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Religion
The period before the Biblical flood (described in Genesis, Chapter 7).
ʿazri’el of Gerona

ʿazri’el of Gerona  

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Religion
(13th cent.), one of the leading kabbalists in Catalonia. His mystical works are based on the teachings of R. Yitsḥaq Saggi Nahor and the Sefer ha-Bahir, combined with contemporary philosophical ...
Baḥya Ben Asher

Baḥya Ben Asher  

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(13th cent. ce).Jewish commentator and kabbalist. Serving as Dayyan in Saragossa, he produced a commentary on the Pentateuch (Be'urʿal ha-Torah, 1291) which interpreted the text literally, ...
Disputation of Barcelona

Disputation of Barcelona  

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Jewish- Christian public disputation held in 1263. In the latter part of the thirteenth century, a Jewish convert to Christianity named Friar Paul Christian developed a fresh approach to polemics ...
equity

equity  

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Law
N.1 That part of English law originally administered by the Lord Chancellor and later by the Court of Chancery, as distinct from that administered by the courts of common law. The common law did not ...
Ḥiddushim

Ḥiddushim  

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(), a genre of rabbinic literature, also referred to as novellae, usually devoted to the discussion of Talmudic materials, although the term is also used to describe biblical commentary (by ...
kabbalah

kabbalah  

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The ancient Jewish tradition of mystical interpretation of the Bible, first transmitted orally and using esoteric methods (including ciphers). It reached the height of its influence in the later ...
Kapparot

Kapparot  

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(Heb., ‘atonements’).Folk custom in Judaism, involving a cock or hen, to secure atonement before the Day of Atonement, so that an adverse judgement would not be reached on that ...
Law, Rabbinic

Law, Rabbinic  

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Religious laws introduced by the Talmudic Rabbis and other early sages in order to create, as it is put in Ethics of the Fathers (1. 1), a ‘fence around the Torah’, that is, to add restrictions, over ...
Literature, Religious

Literature, Religious  

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Religion
The Pentateuch and the other books of the Bible are the sacred books par excellence for the Jewish religion although, traditionally, the Pentateuch was not treated as a human composition at all and ...
Me’ir Aldabi

Me’ir Aldabi  

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(c.1310–1360), Spanish mystical philosopher. A grandson of Asher ben Yeḥi’el, Aldabi was the author of Shevilei Emunah, an encyclopedic treatise on the existence and nature of God, creation, the ...
Peshāt

Peshāt  

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The literal meaning of a Jewish text. Peshāt is generally contrasted with derāsh, the non-literal interpretation.
Rashbam

Rashbam  

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French commentator to the Bible and the Talmud (d.c. 1174), called Rashbam after the initial letters of his name, Rabbi Shemuel ben Meir. Rashbam's father, Rabbi Meir, married Yochebed, daughter of ...
reincarnation

reincarnation  

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Term generally avoided by writers on Buddhism since it implies the existence of an immortal soul (ātman) that is periodically incarnated in a fleshly host, a notion more proper to Hinduism. By ...
Sambatyon

Sambatyon  

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A river in Jewish legend. After the Assyrian conquest of 721 bce, the ten Northern tribes were said to have been exiled across the river Sambatyon. It was said to ...
Sephardim

Sephardim  

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The descendants of Spanish Jewry, as distinct from the Ashkenazim, who are descended from German Jewry. The names Sepharad and Ashkenaz are found in the Bible but were used in the Middle Ages to ...
SolomonIbn Adret

SolomonIbn Adret  

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Spanish Rabbi, theologian, and Kabbalist (1235–1310), known, after the initial letters of his Hebrew name, as Rashba. Adret was one of the most outstanding scholars of medieval Jewry. During the ...
Supercommentaries

Supercommentaries  

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Jewish commentaries on the chief commentators on the Pentateuch. Commentaries have been produced on the works of Rashi, Abraham ibn Ezra, and Naḥmanides.
Tefillat Ha-Derekh

Tefillat Ha-Derekh  

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()., prayer recited on setting out on a journey. It is enjoined in the Talmud (Ber. 29b), from which its form (with additions from Derekh Erets Rabbah 11 and of ...

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