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Nagarjuna

(c. 150—250)

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abhāva

abhāva  

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1 (‘non-apprehension’, ‘non-cognition’) Recognized as a means of valid knowledge (pramāṇa) by the Mīmāṃsā and Vedānta darśanas.2 (‘non-existence’, ‘absence’) In the developed Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system, ...
Āryadeva

Āryadeva  

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Religion
An early 2nd-century ce Madhyamaka master, and the foremost disciple of Nāgārjuna. Born in southern India or Sri Lanka.he composed a number of commentaries on the works of Nāgārjuna as well as ...
Bhāvaviveka

Bhāvaviveka  

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(c.490–570).A noted Indian Madhyamaka philosopher, also known as Bhavya, who wrote a number of important works, including the Tarka-jvālā, refuting other contemporary Buddhist and non-Buddhist ...
Buddhapālita

Buddhapālita  

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(470–540).A teacher and commentator of the Prāsaṇgika branch of the Madhyamaka school. He is the author of the Mūla-madhyamaka-vṛtti, a commentary on the Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā of Nāgārjuna, the ...
Buddhist philosophy

Buddhist philosophy  

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Philosophy
Ethical, metaphysical, and epistemological views held by an Indian prince turned ascetic, Siddhārtha Gautama (said to have been born 563 bc), and by subsequent schools of thought claiming allegiance ...
Candrakírti

Candrakírti  

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(c.7th c. ce)A major Madhyamaka philosopher and key proponent of the reductio ad absurdum (prasaṇga) method of argumentation. This method aims to reduce to absurdity the position of the opponent ...
Catuḥstava

Catuḥstava  

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Religion
Four hymns composed by Nāgārjuna (although his authorship is disputed) entitled Lokātīta-stava (Transcending the World), Niraupamya-stava (Peerless), Acintya-stava (Inconceivable), and ...
F. I. Stcherbatsky

F. I. Stcherbatsky  

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(1866–1942).Russian scholar of Buddhist philosophy.He is chiefly remembered today for his work on Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy, and in particular the first detailed treatment of the Logical or ...
Kaniṣka

Kaniṣka  

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Religion
1 A king of the Śaka-Kūṣāna period (c.78–144 ce), who ruled over the west of N. India, and some parts of Central Asia, about 78–102. Buddhist tradition celebrates him as ...
Madhyamaka

Madhyamaka  

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(Skt.). The ‘Middle School’, a system of Buddhist philosophy founded by Nāgārjuna in the 2nd century ce which has been extremely influential within the Mahāyāna tradition of Buddhism (a follower of ...
madhyamā-pratipad

madhyamā-pratipad  

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(Skt.; Pāli, majjhimā-paṭipadā). The ‘middle way’ or ‘middle path’ a term which resonates at many levels in Buddhism. In the first place it stands as a synonym for the totality of Buddhist doctrine ...
Madhyamika

Madhyamika  

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Philosophy
(Sanskrit, the middle way)A school of Buddhist philosophy. The middle way emphasizes the emptiness (shunyata) of things, and the way in which truth lies beyond all dichotomies and oppositions. But it ...
Middle Way

Middle Way  

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1 (Skt., madhyamā-pratipada; Pāli, majjhimapātipadā). General term for the way taught and practised by the Buddha, which avoids extremes; the name also of the system derived from Nāgārjuna known as ...
Mūla-Mādhyamaka-Kārikā

Mūla-Mādhyamaka-Kārikā  

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‘The Root Verses on the Madhyamaka System’, being the title of the most important work by Nāgārjuna which laid the foundations for the Madhyamaka school of Mahāyāna Buddhism. It comprises 448 verses ...
nāga

nāga  

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(Skt.). A class of serpent-like beings in Hindu and Buddhist mythology. They are said to live in the underworld and inhabit a watery environment. Frequently considered to be benevolent, they also ...
Nāgārjuna

Nāgārjuna   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
229 words

A major figure in the rise of philosophical Mahāyāna, deemed to be the founder of the Madhyamaka school. Little

Nāgārjuna

Nāgārjuna   Reference library

Arindam Chakrabarti

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
151 words
(fl.150 ad). Greatest scepticmystic dialectician of the Voidist school of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Nāgārjuna interpreted Buddha's ‘middle way’ as emptiness of all things. This ... More
Nāgārjuna

Nāgārjuna (c.150–250)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
282 words

(c.150–250).

The founder of the Mādhyamaka school of Buddhism and author of the Mūla-Mādhyamaka-Kārikā and other important

Nāgārjunakoṇḍa

Nāgārjunakoṇḍa  

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The ancient site of a major Buddhist centre near Amarāvatī.associated with Nāgārjuna. The site was most noted for its great stūpa which was constructed prior to the 3rd century ce by the south Indian ...
Perfection of Wisdom literature

Perfection of Wisdom literature  

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Religion
(Prajñāpāramitā).This Buddhist literature was composed over a long period, the nucleus of the material appearing from 100 bce to 100 ce, with additions for perhaps two cents. later. There ...

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