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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

(1886—1969) German-born architect and designer

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Ada Louise Huxtable

Ada Louise Huxtable  

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(1921– ).American architectural critic. She established her reputation with a series of trenchant articles in the New York Times from 1963, but before then had published her monograph on Pier Luigi ...
Adalberto Libera

Adalberto Libera  

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 (1903–63) Italian architect,a key member of the Gruppo 7, which he joined in 1927. During the 1930s his work, like the Post Office on Via Marmorata in Rome (with ...
Al Mansfeld

Al Mansfeld  

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 (1912–2003) Israeli architect.Born in Leningrad, he studied in Berlin 1931–3 and Paris 1933–5, where he was a student of August Perret. Mansfeld moved to Palestine in 1935, and from ...
Albert Kahn

Albert Kahn  

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(1869–1942).German-born American architect. He founded (1902) the most prolific architectural practice of its time in the USA with his brothers Julius (1874–1942) and Moritz (1881–c. 1939). Their ...
Alfred Caldwell

Alfred Caldwell  

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(1903–98).American land-scape-architect. He worked with Mies van der Rohe on the Illinois Institute of Technology (from 1938), and with Hilbersheimer at Lafayette Park, Detroit, MI (1955–9). From his ...
Alison Smithson

Alison Smithson  

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(1928–93)(1923–2003).British architects and polemicists. A husband-and-wife team (married 1949), they formed a partnership in London (1950). As members of Team X (10) and CIAM they established ...
Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto  

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(1898–1976)Finnish architect and designer, whose early neoclassical style changed in the late 1920s to the international modern, in such buildings as the Viipuri library and the MIT hall of ...
Angelo Mangiarotti

Angelo Mangiarotti  

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(1921– ).Italian architect. Much influenced by Mies van der Rohe and Nervi, he evolved refined systems for building using prefabricated concrete units. With Bruno Morassutti (1920– ) he designed the ...
apartment

apartment  

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Self-contained set of rooms for domestic use (also called a flat), on one floor, usually one of several in a large building. If the apartment extends over more than one floor it is called a duplex. ...
Arne Jacobsen

Arne Jacobsen  

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(1902–1971)Danish architect and furniture designer, known for many buildings in the international modern style, including the SAS tower in Copenhagen and the new St Catherine's College in Oxford.Born ...
Bauhaus

Bauhaus  

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A school of applied arts established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 and noted for its refined functionalist approach to architecture and industrial design. The socialist principles on which ...
brick

brick  

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[Ar]A kind of building material consisting of a block of dried or baked clay, often with some kind of tempering agent such as stone, sand, or straw. There are many different shapes, sizes, and styles ...
Bruno Paul

Bruno Paul  

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(b Seifhennersdorf, 19 Jan 1874; d Berlin, 17 Aug 1968).German architect and furniture designer. He was a founder-member of the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk in Munich, a ...
Brutalism

Brutalism  

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A term coined in England in 1954 to describe the architecture of Le Corbusier at Marseilles and Chandigarh, it is characterized by its use of concrete exposed at its roughest (béton brut), with an ...
Cesar Pelli

Cesar Pelli  

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(1926– ).Argentine-born American architect. He worked with Eero Saarinen from 1954 to 1964 before moving to Los Angeles where he was Director of Design for Daniel, Mann, Johnson, & Mendenhall ...
Chamberlin, Powell, & Bon

Chamberlin, Powell, & Bon  

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London-based partnership established after Geoffry Charles Hamilton Powell (1920–99) won the competition to design new housing at Golden Lane, a prominent bomb-site in the City of London, built ...
Charles Eames

Charles Eames  

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(1907–78)The distinguished American designer, film‐maker, and architect Charles Eames studied architecture at Washington University in St Louis in 1924. Having worked in private practice in the early ...
Chicago

Chicago  

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Theatre dates back to the earliest days of the city when, in 1837, Harry Isherwood and Alexander McVicker transformed a tavern into a playhouse. By the 1860s new theatre buildings ...
Christian Norberg-Schulz

Christian Norberg-Schulz  

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(1926–2000).Norwegian architect, theorist, and historian. Influenced by Giedion, Gropius, and Mies van der Rohe, he was a convinced Modernist, believing that it was the only valid currency of C20, so ...
Chrome

Chrome  

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This silvery, reflective metallic finish was first discovered in France in the late 18th century, but did not become commercially viable until 1925. From then on it became increasingly commonly used ...

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