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African-American troops

African-American troops  

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Variously called negro, coloured, and black, the history of African-American soldiers is that of US race relations in general. Even after the abolition of formal discrimination by colour, advancement ...
Balkan campaign

Balkan campaign  

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Fought firstly by Greek troops and RAF units against Italian forces which invaded Greece in October 1940; then by Greek, British, and Commonwealth forces which resisted the German invasion of ...
Batavia

Batavia  

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History
A Dutch East Indiaman, widely known for its bloodthirsty mutiny after it had hit a reef in the Houtman Abrolhos off the Western Australian coast in 1629. About 250 of the 316 people aboard, including ...
Bounty

Bounty  

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History
A ship's name made famous for the mutiny which occurred on board. Originally a merchant ship called Bethia, the Bounty was built at Hull in 1784. She was bought, renamed, and fitted out as an armed ...
Captain Bligh

Captain Bligh  

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The type of a naval martinet, from William Bligh (1754–1817), British naval officer, captain of HMS Bounty (see Mutiny on the Bounty at mutiny).
Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus  

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History
(c. 1451–1506)Genoese navigator and explorer, celebrated as the first European to discover America. His great interest was in what he called his “Enterprise to the Indies”, the search for a westward ...
Curragh

Curragh  

A level stretch of open ground in County Kildare, Ireland, famous for its racecourse and military camp.Curragh mutiny informal name for the event at the Curragh camp in March 1914, when 60 cavalry ...
death penalty

death penalty  

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There are conventional prohibitions on the death penalty in some human rights instruments; the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 15 December 1989 ...
Draft Evasion and Desertion

Draft Evasion and Desertion  

Historically, draft evasion and desertion from armies have always been practiced by individuals unwilling to serve in the armed forces or to fight a war. The motivation may be personal ...
Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan  

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(c.1480–1521),Portuguese navigator. He was born at Villa de Sabrosa in Trás-os-Montes and was the inspirer and commander of the first known expedition to circumnavigate the globe. After passing his ...
Fletcher Christian

Fletcher Christian  

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(c. 1764–c. 1793),English seaman and mutineer. As first mate under Captain Bligh on HMS Bounty, in April 1789 Christian seized the ship and cast Bligh and others adrift. In 1790 the mutineers settled ...
Francis Drake

Francis Drake  

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(1540–1595),English seaman and circumnavigator. Drake was born in Tavistock, in Devon, England, probably in February or March 1540. He was the son of Edmund Drake, a shearer turned priest. ...
Hamilcar Barca

Hamilcar Barca  

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(died c.229 bc)Carthaginian general and father of Hannibal and Hasdrubal. He commanded the Carthaginian forces in the later part of the first of the Punic wars and negotiated the peace of 241 bc. ...
Henry Hudson

Henry Hudson  

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(b. c.1565, d. after June 1611),English navigator and explorer, first heard of in 1607 when he made the first of two voyages for the English Muscovy Company seeking a route to China initially by way ...
Herman Melville

Herman Melville  

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Literature
(1819–91),American novelist: visits Liverpool 1837, 1856; visits Nathaniel Hawthorne at Southport 1857. Redburn 1849, Moby‐Dick, or, The Whale 1851, Billy Budd written c.1890, published 1924.
Indian army

Indian army  

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By 1902, when Kitchener became Commander‐in‐Chief in India, it was established practice that most regiments of the British army stationed a battalion in India. In 1903 the three armies of Madras, ...
Ismail

Ismail  

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History
(died 1524)First ruler of the Safavid dynasty in Persia (1501–24). His ancestor Safi ud-Din (1252–1334) was a Sufi holy man and founder of the Safaviyya, the mystic brotherhood after which the ...
John Avery

John Avery  

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History
(b. c.1653),pirate, alias Long Ben, born in Devon. In 1694, while a mate aboard the Charles, he incited a mutiny and sailed the ship to the Indian Ocean. His most notable success at piracy came in ...
Laws of Oleron

Laws of Oleron  

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History
A code of maritime law enacted by Eleanor of Aquitaine, who married Henry II of England in 1152. It was attributed by her to the Island of Oleron, which lies 32 kilometres (20 mls.) north of the ...
marines

marines  

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Are naval infantry trained and organized to carry out amphibious operations and to fight from ships. A widely used definition in the USA is ‘My Ass Rides In Naval Equipment’ ...

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