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Aleksandr Galich

Aleksandr Galich  

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(1919–77)Soviet/Russian writer and bard. Galich trained as an actor, but emerged as a playwright after the war. In 1957 Oleg Efremov intended to open the Sovremennik Theatre in Moscow ...
Aleksandr Galin

Aleksandr Galin  

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(b. Alekseyevka, Matveye-Kurgansk district, Rostov region, Russia, 10 Sept. 1947)Playwright. His first play to be performed, by fellow students at Leningrad University's Student Theatre, was Here Fly ...
Aleksandr Kurbas

Aleksandr Kurbas  

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(1887–1937)Ukrainian/Soviet director whose career began as an actor in 1912. His first directorial experiments were in Kiev (1917), where he anticipated the avant-garde innovations of Meyerhold. The ...
Aleksandr Lensky

Aleksandr Lensky  

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(1847–1908)Leading Russian actor at the Moscow Maly Theatre. The illegitimate son of Prince Gagarin by an Italian woman, Lensky joined the Maly company in 1876 after a successful career ...
Aleksandr Ostrovsky

Aleksandr Ostrovsky  

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(1823–86)Widely acknowledged as Russia's greatest playwright, he was also the most prolific, producing 47 original dramas and 22 translations of foreign plays. Comparatively unknown in the West, his ...
Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin

Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin  

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(1817–1903)Russian playwright and philosopher. Having studied in Moscow, Heidelberg, and Berlin (1834–42), his career was cut short when he was accused in 1850 of the murder of his French ...
Aleksandr Tairov

Aleksandr Tairov  

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(1885–1950)Russian/Soviet director. After a period as an actor, Tairov's first important post was at Mardzhanov's Free Theatre in 1913, where he directed his future wife Koonen in Schnitzler's The ...
Aleksandr Vampilov

Aleksandr Vampilov  

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(1937–72)Soviet/Russian playwright. Vampilov's plays challenged a social type of his time, the egoist and materialist who lacks moral values. Farewell in June (1966) investigates corruption, The ...
Aleksandra Yablochkina

Aleksandra Yablochkina  

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(1866–1964)Russian actress from an acting family, whose first stage appearance was at the age of 6. Her entire career after 1888 was spent at the Moscow Maly Theatre, where ...
Aleksei Arbuzov

Aleksei Arbuzov  

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(1908–86)Soviet/Russian playwright. Arbuzov trained as an actor before turning to dramatic writing in the 1930s. His play Tanya (1938) exemplifies the demands of socialist realism for ‘conflictless’ ...
Aleksei Kazantsev

Aleksei Kazantsev  

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(1945–2007)Soviet/Russian playwright who emerged during perestroika (notably with And the Silver Rope Snaps), but built his reputation in the 1990s. This Other World (1993), staged in both Moscow and ...
Aleksei Pisemsky

Aleksei Pisemsky  

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(1821–81)Russian writer. After a successful start with his comedy The Hypochondriac (1855), Pisemsky wrote his best-known play, A Bitter Fate, two years before the Emancipation of the Serfs in ...
Aleksei Popov

Aleksei Popov  

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(1892–1961)Russian/Soviet director whose career began at the Moscow Art Theatre First Studio (1912–18) before he took up a director's post at the Vakhtangov Theatre in 1923, staging plays by ...
Aleksei Tolstoy

Aleksei Tolstoy  

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(1817–75)Russian writer. Well known for his short stories, poetry, and a novel, he retired from the civil service in 1861 to concentrate on literary work. Several ‘dramatic ballads’ were ...
Aleksii

Aleksii  

(c.1293–1378)From 1354 metropolitan of Kiev (residing in Moscow). Aleksii strove with intermittent success to unite East Slavic dioceses under Moscow, to suppress the rival Lithuanian hierarchy, and ...
Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas  

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Literature
(1802–70)French novelist and dramatist. A pioneer of the romantic theatre in France, he achieved fame with his historical dramas, such as Henry III et sa cour (1829). His reputation now rests on his ...
Alexandrian World Chronicle

Alexandrian World Chronicle  

The conventional title given to a chronicle, illuminated fragments of which survive in the so-called papyrus Goleniščev (now in the Pushkin Museum, Moscow). The text is similar to that of ...
Alexis of Moscow

Alexis of Moscow  

(died 1378)Metropolitan of Kiev and all Rus' (1354–1378), of Russian origin, and residing like his two predecessors at Moscow, St Alexis worked to strengthen the Church. He favoured monasticism ...
Anatoly Efros

Anatoly Efros  

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(1925–87)Soviet/Russian director. In 1963 Efros led the Theatre of the Lenin Komsomol, where he created a repertoire largely based on contemporary drama, provoking political controversy with a number ...
Andrei Rublev

Andrei Rublev  

(b ?c.1360; d Moscow, 1430).The most famous of Russian icon painters. The 600th anniversary of his birth was celebrated by Soviet Russia in 1960, but the date is not firmly documented and there is ...

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