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Aachen

Aachen  

(town, palace) West central German town, known for its hot springs. Aachen’s significance is linked to Charlemagne, who created a Carolingian palace complex there, where he was buried. Successive ...
abaciscus

abaciscus  

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1 Small abacus or abaculus.2 Square border enclosing part or the entire pattern of a mosaic.3 Tessera or abaculus in a mosaic.4 Small tile.
Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve  

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Religion
The first parents of the human race, whose story is told in the opening chapters of the book of Genesis. There is no doubt that until the nineteenth century Adam and Eve were held to be historical ...
Alesso Baldovinetti

Alesso Baldovinetti  

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(b Florence, ?1425; d Florence, 29 Aug. 1499).Florentine painter, mosaicist, and worker in stained glass. Nothing is recorded of his training, but his graceful and refined style shows strong ...
Alexander Mosaic

Alexander Mosaic  

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A floor mosaic (c.100 bc, Archaeological Mus., Naples), discovered in the House of the Faun in Pompeii, depicting Alexander the Great defeating Darius III, the king of Persia, at the ...
alpha – omega

alpha – omega  

The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and omega are employed by the Son of Man in the Apocalypse three times (Rev 1, 18; 21, 6; 22 ...
Aquileia

Aquileia  

On the Adriatic coast, became an important city during the late Roman Empire. According to legend it was evangelized by St Mark, but the beginnings of the Church cannot be traced beyond the 3rd cent. ...
Aracoeli

Aracoeli  

The church dedicated to the Virgin, situated in Rome, at the summit of the Capitol, has been known by this name (altar of heaven) since the 13th century. In previous ...
archaeology, classical

archaeology, classical  

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The study of the material culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Epigraphy, the study of inscriptions on permanent materials, is today seen as a branch of historical rather than of archaeological ...
architecture, Civil

architecture, Civil  

Civil architecture includes public buildings and private dwellings, but excludes military constructions and rural architecture. Important public buildings comprised essentially imperial and royal ...
art

art  

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Religion
It has been said that while the Greeks taught the holiness of beauty, the Hebrews taught the beauty of holiness. This is an unfortunate generalization, although it is true to say that the ancient. ...
art and architecture: Byzantine

art and architecture: Byzantine  

1. Early Byzantine (c.500–843)2. Middle Byzantine (843–1261)3. Late Byzantine (1261–1453)1. Early Byzantine (c.500–843)2. Middle Byzantine (843–1261)3. Late Byzantine (1261–1453)1. Early ...
art and architecture: crusader

art and architecture: crusader  

(12th century) Crusader art and architecture are defined by location, content, and a typical blend of local and imported styles. Historical and geographical conditions in the Latin kingdom of ...
art and architecture: early Christian

art and architecture: early Christian  

In its most common definition, the art and architecture of the Roman Empire from the 4th through the 6th century. Chronological boundaries tend to vary depending on preferences of periodization ...
art and architecture: Georgian

art and architecture: Georgian  

The roots of ecclesiastical building activity in art and architecture in Georgia may be traced to the declaration of Christianity as the official religion in the 320s during the reign ...
art and architecture: Romanesque

art and architecture: Romanesque  

Term describing art produced in Europe between roughly 1000 and 1200.1. Definition2. Architecture3. Monumental decoration4. Portable arts5. Secular and military works6. Artists and aesthetics1. ...
art and architecture: Russian

art and architecture: Russian  

Receiving Christianity only in 988/9, the East Slavic Rus’ expressly appropriated art and architecture based on Byzantine models and elaborated their own styles. Kiev, Novgorod, and Vladimir ...
art, funerary, Roman

art, funerary, Roman  

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Early republican tombs at Rome have none of the decorative features of contemporary Etruscan funerary art (see etruscans), but by the mid to late republic some aristocratic tombs show a desire for ...
artist

artist  

In the MA the artist, or better artifex (‘artificer’), was most frequently considered a practitioner of the mechanical arts. Inextricably linked to his manual activities, he was viewed as a ...
Barcino

Barcino  

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Colonia Iulia Augusta Paterna Faventia, founded by Augustus on a coastal branch of the via Augusta, possibly around 15 bc. There was no earlier native occupation and excavations have revealed ...

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