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Abd Allah ibn Yasin

Abd Allah ibn Yasin  

Died 1059? Islamic scholar and one of the founders of the Almoravids movement; also known as Abdullah b. Yasin al-Gazuli and Abdallah ibn Rasin.The Almoravids movement of Abd Allah ...
Abd al-Qadir

Abd al-Qadir  

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Religion
(d. 1883)Algerian independence leader, Sufi mystic, and poet. Born in Algeria to a notable Moroccan family. Became involved in the Algerian independence movement after the French occupation of ...
Abdessalam Yasin

Abdessalam Yasin  

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Religion
Abdessalam Yasin (b. 1928)is the leader of an illegal but tolerated Moroccan Islamist political movement, Justice and Benevolence (Al-ʿAdl wa-al-Iḥṣān). The movement originated in the 1970s in ...
Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo

Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo  

1936–Expatriate Mauritanian film director whose films focus on the experiences of Africans abroad.The son of farmers, Med Hondo was raised in the Atar region of Mauritania on the edge ...
African Publishing Houses

African Publishing Houses  

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Literature
Book‐publishing is in crisis in most African countries. The deepening economic recession and chronic balance‐of‐payments problems have taken a severe toll on publishing and book development, and the ...
Ahmad Baba

Ahmad Baba  

1556–1627 Islamic scholar, writer, and jurist.Ahmad Baba was one of the best-known Islamic scholars and writers of his time. Born into the prestigious Aqit family near Tombouctou (Timbuktu) in ...
Ainin Ma al

Ainin Ma al  

1830?–1910 Sahrawi religious scholar and anticolonial leader in northwest Africa; born Muhammed Sidi al-Mustapha, also known as Ma al-Aynayn.A skilled military leader and devout Muslim, Sheikh Ma ...
῾Alawi

῾Alawi  

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Religion
Also known as Filalis or Filalians. Family of religious notables who became the royal house of Morocco from the seventeenth century through the present. Claim descent from Muhammad. Migrated from the ...
Alcazarquivir

Alcazarquivir  

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History
(locally called al‐Kasr al‐Kabir) A city in northern Morocco, famous for the battle of the Three Kings (1578). From the 15th century it suffered attacks from Portuguese coastal ports, and became an ...
Alfonso Buenhombre

Alfonso Buenhombre  

(late 13th c. - 1353)Alfonso Buenhombre (Alfonsus Bonihominis), a Dominican missionary and polemist, born perhaps at Toledo, led an adventurous life that took him notably to Egypt (1336), Morocco ...
Antony, St, of Padua

Antony, St, of Padua  

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Religion
(1188/95–1231), Franciscan friar. When he was 15 he joined the Augustinian Canons. He was deeply moved when the relics of some Franciscans killed in Morocco were brought to Coimbra in 1220; he ...
athlete

athlete  

A person who has undertaken training or exercises to become proficient in physical activities such as competitive sports (athletics). Athletes are generally healthier and enjoy greater longevity than ...
Attitudes toward Blacks in the Ancient Mediterranean World

Attitudes toward Blacks in the Ancient Mediterranean World  

Who were “blacks” in the ancient Mediterranean world and where did they live? Ancient written and artistic (iconographical) evidence provides copious information about people with physical types that ...
Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaim

Banu Hilal and Banu Sulaim  

Bedouin ethnic groups that migrated into North Africa.In the eleventh century the Banu Hilal and the Banu Sulaim, Arabic-speaking nomadic tribes originally from the central Arabian plateau, began to ...
beatification

beatification  

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Religion
In the Roman Catholic Church, declaration by the Pope that a dead person is in a state of bliss, constituting the first step towards canonization and permitting public veneration.
Bedouin

Bedouin  

A nomadic Arab of the desert; the word comes (via Old French) from Arabic badawīn ‘dwellers in the desert’, from badw ‘desert’.
Berber

Berber  

An indigenous person of northern and north-western Africa. Traditionally, the Berbers speak Berber languages, although most literate Berbers also speak Arabic. The Berbers are Sunni Muslims, and ...
Bernhard von Bülow

Bernhard von Bülow  

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History
(1849–1920)German statesman. He served in the Franco–Prussian War and the German Foreign Service before becoming German Foreign Minister (1897–1900) and then Chancellor (1900–09) under William II. In ...
Beur

Beur  

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Literature
Popular term denoting a young person brought up in France by North African immigrant parents. A modified inversion of Arabe, the word was first adopted by youths of immigrant origin ...
Blaise Compaoré

Blaise Compaoré  

1950– President of Burkina Faso since 1987.Compaoré was born in Ziniaré, Upper Volta (present-day Burkina Faso). He joined the army, completed officers’ training school in Cameroon, and received a ...

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