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Duke of Monmouth James

(1649—1685) politician

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Andrew Fletcher

Andrew Fletcher  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1655–1716).Politician. Fletcher of Saltoun was taught by Gilbert Burnet, who later described him as ‘a most violent republican and extremely passionate’. He represented East Lothian at the ...
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1621–83)English statesman. He entered Parliament in 1640 as a royalist supporter, but changed sides in 1643, eventually becoming a member of Cromwell's council of state. In 1660 he was one of the ...
battle of Bothwell Bridge

battle of Bothwell Bridge  

1679.After the murder in May 1679 of Archbishop James Sharp of St Andrews, a zealous episcopalian, the covenanters rose in the south‐west. They defeated John Graham of Claverhouse (Viscount Dundee) ...
battle of Drumclog

battle of Drumclog  

1679.John Graham (Dundee) of Claverhouse, attempting to disperse a rising of covenanters on 1 June, was sharply repulsed in a skirmish at Drumclog, near Strathaven. The engagement was described by ...
battle of Sedgemoor

battle of Sedgemoor  

A battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth, who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender to the ...
Bloody Assizes

Bloody Assizes  

Was the name given to the mass trials of Monmouth's rebels in 1685, presided over by Jeffreys and four other judges. The judges indicated that pleas of not guilty would invariably mean death ...
Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1660–1731),born in London, the son of James Foe, a butcher. He changed his name to Defoe from c.1695. He attended Morton's academy for Dissenters at Newington Green with a view to the ministry, but ...
Devon

Devon  

Was the third largest of the old counties. Having two sea‐coasts, it was orientated in different directions, the northern shore along the Bristol channel, the south shore along the English channel. ...
George Jeffreys

George Jeffreys  

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Subject:
History
(1648–89).Notorious as the judge who presided at the Bloody Assizes, Jeffreys was a career lawyer who became conspicuous as an aggressive prosecutor and partisan judge. At political trials his ...
James II

James II  

King of England and Ireland, James VII of Scotland, b. 14 Oct. 1633, 2nd s. of Charles I and Henrietta Maria; acc. 6 Feb. 1685; deemed to have abdic. 11 Dec. 1688; m. (1) Anne, da. of Edward Hyde ...
Monmouth's rebellion

Monmouth's rebellion  

(1685)An insurrection in south-west England against James II, led by the Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II. The Duke of Argyll led a revolt in Scotland against James and persuaded ...
2nd duke of Ormond, James Butler

2nd duke of Ormond, James Butler  

(1665–1745).Succeeding his grandfather in July 1688, he supported the petition to James for a free parliament, then accepted William of Orange, for whom he fought in Ireland and Flanders. A pillar of ...
1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill

1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill  

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(1650–1722)English general. He was appointed commander of British and Dutch troops in the War of the Spanish Succession and won a series of victories over the French armies of Louis XIV, most notably ...
1st earl of Essex, Arthur Capel

1st earl of Essex, Arthur Capel  

(1631–83).In 1670 Essex was sent to Denmark on a diplomatic mission and from 1672 to 1677 was lord‐lieutenant of Ireland. Two years later, he was treasurer for six months. He resigned in November ...
1st marquis of Atholl, John Murray

1st marquis of Atholl, John Murray  

[S] (1631–1703).Murray's grandfather was earl of Tullibardine but resigned the title in 1626 on promise of the earldom of Atholl, given to his son in 1629. Murray succeeded in ...
9th earl of Argyll, Archibald Campbell

9th earl of Argyll, Archibald Campbell  

[S] (1629–85).Campbell's father, the 1st marquis, had played an equivocal part in the civil wars and in 1661 was executed for treason. Campbell, who had fought on the royal ...
Thomas Ken

Thomas Ken  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1637–1711), Nonjuror. In 1683 he refused the use of his house to Nell Gwyn, the royal mistress; Charles II respected his boldness and in 1684 appointed him Bp. of Bath and Wells. Ken was one of the ...
William III

William III  

(1650–1702),king of England, Scotland (as William II), and Ireland (1689–1702), prince of Orange. Appointed stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland, and captain‐ and admiral‐general of all the Dutch ...

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