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Alexander Nevsky

Alexander Nevsky  

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Overview Page
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History
(c. 1220–63)Russian soldier, Grand Duke of Vladimir (1252–63). Born in Vladimir, son of the Grand Duke Jaroslav II of Novgorod, he acquired his second name after his defeat of the Swedish army on the ...
art, the military

art, the military  

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Overview Page
Merely to use the term ‘the military art’ is to enter directly into the debate as to whether warfare is indeed an art, thus the province of unquantifiable qualities such ...
assassins

assassins  

The Nizari branch of Ismaili Muslims at the time of the Crusades, renowned as militant fanatics and popularly supposed to use hashish before going on murder missions. The name comes (in the mid 16th ...
auxiliary

auxiliary  

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Adj.1 (of troops) engaged in the service of a nation at war but not part of the regular army, and often of foreign origin.n.1 (auxiliaries) troops engaged ...
Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan  

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Subject:
History
Oil and gas-rich Azerbaijan has high levels of poverty and a dynastic political successionAround half of Azerbaijan comprises the central lowland area through which flow the two main rivers, the Aras ...
Azov Sea

Azov Sea  

(Μαιω̑τις), an extension of the northeastern part of the Black Sea, reached via the straits of the Cimmerian Bosporos. Trade routes went from the Sea of Azov north to Rus᾽ ...
Battle of Legnica

Battle of Legnica  

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The Mongol attack on Poland in 1241 was a supporting operation for the main blow of Batu Khan, the leader of the Golden Horde, on Hungary. The attack was supposed ...
Battle of Muhi

Battle of Muhi  

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(11 April 1241)Muhi is a settlement in Borsod county, along the river Sajó. The Hungarian army led by Béla IV was defeated there by the Mongols under Batu. Three ...
battle of Tannenberg

battle of Tannenberg  

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(1410),also known as the battle of Grünwald, the decisive engagement of the ‘Great War’ of 1409–11, in which Polish-Lithuanian-Russian forces defeated the military monastic order of the Teutonic ...
Baybars I

Baybars I  

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Third Mamluk sultan of Egypt (r. 1260–77). Turkish military slave of the last Ayyubid ruler. Won early victories over Louis IX's Crusaders (Mansura, Egypt, 1250) and Mongols (Ayn Jalut, Syria, 1260), ...
Béla IV

Béla IV  

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(1206–1270),king of Hungary from 1235 to 1270. Béla, renowned as the second founder of the country, rebuilt Hungary after the Mongol invasion of 1241–1242. He was the firstborn son ...
Belarus

Belarus  

A territory formerly also known as Belorussia (White Russia) which had been under Polish and Lithuanian domination for centuries, until it came under Russian control in the late eighteenth century. ...
bow

bow  

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A weapon sometimes made of bronze (Ps. 18: 34), wielded by both soldiers and huntsmen. Arrows were made from reeds or polished wood (Isa. 49: 2), occasionally with poisoned tips (Job 6: 4). They were ...
cavalry

cavalry  

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ˈkævǝlrē1 pl. -ies usually treated as pl. soldiers who fought on horseback.2 a branch of an army made up of such soldiers.3 modern soldiers who fight in armored vehicles.[...]
Chagatai

Chagatai  

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Religion
Name of a dynasty founded by Chaghatai, a son of Genghis Khan, which reigned in Transoxiana 1227–1358, later used to designate the literary Turkic language of central Asia between the 15th and 19th ...
chemical and biological warfare

chemical and biological warfare  

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(CBW)The use of synthetic poisonous substances, or organisms such as disease germs, to kill or injure the enemy. They include chlorine, phosgene, and mustard gas (first used in World War I), various ...
colours

colours  

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N.1 the flag of a regiment or ship.2 a national flag.3 the armed forces of a country, as symbolized by its flag: he was called to the colors during the war.[...]
Constantine Tich

Constantine Tich  

Bulgarian monarch (1257–77), whose reign coincided with a period of bitter internal feuding and repeated foreign invasions.After the murder of Tsar Michael Asen and the brief reign of Sebastokrator ...
Cumans

Cumans  

A nomadic Turkish people. Called “Kun” by the Hungarians and “Polovtsy” by the Russians (these names suggest a “pale” colour), they had been forced out of Mongolia by the Kitan ...
directive control

directive control  

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The forerunner of what is now called mission command (also known by the German word Auftragstaktik), in which the commander gives general instructions as to his ‘intent’ and what he ...

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