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abolitionism

abolitionism  

A term associated with protest on grounds of inhumanity and a call for the abolition of slavery (see, for example, the arguments of William Wilberforce, 1759–1833). More recently extended to the ...
Adam of Bremen

Adam of Bremen  

Summoned to Bremen in 1066/7 by Archbishop Adalbert soon after he and his see had suffered setbacks, Adam was made scholasticus and given the task of writing the Gesta Hammaburgensis ...
Africa

Africa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The second largest continent, extending south from the Mediterranean Sea and bounded by the Atlantic and Indian oceans and the Red Sea.Physical.The Equator passes through the middle of Africa, so ...
Africa — history

Africa — history  

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Overview Page
Some of the earliest evidence of medical practice comes from Africa. The Egyptians were well known, over 5000 years ago, for their advanced knowledge of medicine. Relics from the time ...
African Methodist Episcopal Church

African Methodist Episcopal Church  

The first church in the USA to be made up entirely of African-Americans. It came into being in 1787 when those with black skin refused to be segregated in the ...
Albanians

Albanians  

A nation of Thraco-Illyrian origin, in the Middle Ages the Albanians were ruled by the Byzantines (6th-14th cc.) and Bulgars (9th-10th cc.) before succumbing to the Turks (1479). The fourth ...
Albert of Buxhövden

Albert of Buxhövden  

(died 1229)A canon, then bishop of Bremen in 1199, Albert was one of the architects and executors of Ostsiedlung (German colonization of the territories east of the Elbe).When ...
Alfonso Buenhombre

Alfonso Buenhombre  

(late 13th c. - 1353)Alfonso Buenhombre (Alfonsus Bonihominis), a Dominican missionary and polemist, born perhaps at Toledo, led an adventurous life that took him notably to Egypt (1336), Morocco ...
Alsace

Alsace  

The territory between the Vosges Mountains, Rhine river, and Jura Mountains, known by the 7th century as ‘Alsace’. Roman military settlement in the area included a base at what would ...
Andrew of Longjumeau

Andrew of Longjumeau  

(13th c.)A Dominican missionary who, perhaps already instructed to bring the relics of the Passion to France (1239), brought letters from Innocent IV to various Muslim princes and oriental ...
Angles

Angles  

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Overview Page
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History
A member of a Germanic tribe closely linked to the Jutes and Saxons, thought to have originated in Schleswig‐Holstein or Denmark. In the 5th century they settled in eastern Britain in East Anglia and ...
Anskar

Anskar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(801–65),archbishop of Bremen. Born near Amiens of a noble family, Anskar was educated at Corbie (Picardy), where he became a monk. Later he moved to Corvey (Westphalia), where he began apostolic ...
Armenian literature

Armenian literature  

Armenian literature begins with the invention of an individual script by Mesrop Mas̆tocʼ (c.360–439). Although familiar with Greek and Syriac, Armenian church leaders needed a written form of ...
art and architecture: Merovingian

art and architecture: Merovingian  

The cultural productions of the Frankish tribes settling in parts of what are now modern France, Belgium, and western Germany between the 5th and 8th centuries. Surviving examples of elaborate ...
Asian Americans

Asian Americans  

[This entry contains seven subentries: Overview; Practice Interventions; Chinese; Japanese, Koreans; South Asians; Southeast Asians.]The term Asian Americans encompasses the immigrants coming from ...
Audoin

Audoin  

(c.600–684)St Audoin (Ouen), a native of the Soissonnais, belonged to the powerful aristocratic kinship group that supported the activities of the Columbanian missionaries in Neustria-Burgundy. ...
Augustinians

Augustinians  

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History
[Ge]A monastic order of ordained canons; most Augustinian houses were founded in the mid to late 12th century.
Avars

Avars  

A member of a nomadic equestrian people from central Asia who built up a large kingdom in SE Europe from the 6th century but were conquered by Charlemagne (791–9).
Averroës

Averroës  

(c. 1126–98),Spanish-born Islamic philosopher, judge, and physician. His extensive body of work includes writings on jurisprudence, science, philosophy, and religion. His highly influential ...
baptism

baptism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Christian Church, the religious rite of sprinkling water on a person's head or of immersing them in water, symbolizing purification or regeneration and admission to the Christian Church. ...

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