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minuscule

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abbreviation

abbreviation  

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The Web and the Internet float on a flood of abbreviations. They are often used to save time when posting to a newsgroup or writing an email. This dictionary contains most of the common abbreviations ...
Armenian MS book

Armenian MS book  

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Armenia accepted Christianity as its state religion around 314, but Greek and Syriac were used as the languages of instruction and the liturgy until Mesrop Mashtots’ invented the Armenian alphabet ...
Beneventan script

Beneventan script  

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A form of minuscule script, developed in southern Italy from the mid-8th century by the Benedictine order, initially at their abbey of Monte Cassino. Derived from Roman cursive script, it ...
book

book  

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A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...
Book of Armagh

Book of Armagh  

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A 9th-cent. vellum codex now in Trinity College, Dublin. It contains a collection of documents relating to St Patrick, a complete non-Vulgate Latin NT, and a copy of the Life of St Martin of Tours by ...
capital

capital  

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Deriving from the lettering that sometimes appears at the head, or capitellum, of Roman columns, the term ‘capital’, or ‘capital letter’, means a large letter (an upper-case one in typography). ...
Carolingian minuscule

Carolingian minuscule  

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A form of compact, rounded minuscule script that was developed as part of the educational reforms of Charlemagne (c.742–814). Spreading through much of western Europe, it was in general use ...
colophon

colophon  

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The publisher's imprint or emblem usually displayed on the title page of a book; or (in older books) an inscription placed at the end of a book, naming the printer and the date and place of ...
Coptic type

Coptic type  

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Type for the last form of the ancient Egyptian language, a script flourishing especially among Middle Eastern Christians from the 4th century (when it largely superseded demotic) to the 7th ...
cursive

cursive  

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Written with the characters joined. The term dates from the late 18th century, and comes via medieval Latin from Latin curs- ‘run’.
Glagolitic

Glagolitic  

The Slavonic alphabet generally thought to have been devised by St Cyril, the Apostle of the Slavs, in the 9th century.
Gospel Book

Gospel Book  

The tetraevangelion (Τετραευαγγέλιον), not to be confused with the Evangelion, contains the complete text of the four Gospels, arranged exactly as they are in the New Testament, but with the ...
grammars

grammars  

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As workbooks conceived to respond to practical demands, grammar books should be viewed within the context of schools and teaching methods. The pedagogical models transmitted from Graeco-Roman ...
half-uncial script

half-uncial script  

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This script—used in antiquity (in developed form from the 4th century) and the early Middle Ages—was derived, like uncial, from roman cursive minuscule. Unlike uncial, it is a four-line minuscule ...
Irish script

Irish script  

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The oldest surviving Irish vellum MSS probably date to the second half of the 6th century, and the particular style of handwriting that distinguished Irish scribes’ work throughout the early ...
lay of the case

lay of the case  

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The disposition of characters in the compartments of a type case, differing in detail between eras, countries, languages, and alphabets. Learning the lay of the case was an important duty ...
lemma

lemma  

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(plurallemmata)A heading or title, especially in a glossary (see gloss), textual commentary, footnote, or dictionary. So in a dictionary such as this one, the word or phrase appearing in bold type at ...
letterform

letterform  

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Generic term for alpha-numeric characters made by various technologies; also, a grapheme. Pens or reeds make script letterforms; metal or wooden type, or more recently desktop printers, make printed ...
Liutprand of Cremona

Liutprand of Cremona  

(c.920–72) Historian, bishop, and diplomat; author of works illuminating Otto I’s relations with Rome and Byzantium.He recorded his experiences as ambassador to Constantinople in the polemical ...
lower case

lower case  

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One of the two letterpress type cases in the ‘divided lay’, usually containing the minuscules (or small letters), punctuation, and spacing, and placed below the upper case on a compositor’s ...

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