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Aglawros

Aglawros  

Aglauros the sister of Herse (Hierse) (Tr III.730). In Ovid's Metamorphoses 2 she provoked the wrath of Minerva (Mynerva) by prying into one of her secrets. Minerva made her envious ...
Aquae Sulis

Aquae Sulis  

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[L, waters of Sulis].Roman name for the shrine at Bath in west Britain, where the cult of Sulis, equated with Minerva, was merged with that of several native goddesses.
Athena

Athena  

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In Iliad 5 Homer describes how Athena took off the finely wrought robe ‘which she herself had made and worked at with her own hands’ and ‘armed herself for grievous war’. This incident encapsulates ...
Bath

Bath  

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Literature
In Somerset, is the site of a Roman spa, Aquae Sulis, probably built in the 1st and 2nd cents ad.In the 18th cent. Bath was transformed into a social resort by Richard (‘Beau’) Nash, who became ...
Belisama

Belisama  

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Religion
A lake-and river-goddess venerated in Gaul and Britain. Roman commentators equated her with Minerva. Ptolemy (2nd cent. ad) gives her name to the Ribble River in central England. She was also ...
Brigantia

Brigantia  

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Religion
[high one (?)]. British goddess at the time of the Roman occupation, a personification of the hegemony of the Brigantes. She was concerned with river and water cults, and a centre of her worship was ...
Brigit

Brigit  

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Religion
[Ir., the exalted one].Pre-Christian Irish goddess of fire, smithing, fertility, cattle, crops, and poetry. She was the daughter of the Dagda and according to later tradition, the wife of Senchán ...
Búanann

Búanann  

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[Ir., the lasting one].An amazonian warrior goddess called ‘the nurse of warriors’. Cúchulainn came to Britain to train with her and Scáthach. Búanann was so helpful to Fionn and his men as to be ...
Capitol

Capitol  

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[Ge]The principal hill in Rome, site of the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, that served as a citadel and religious centre.
Celtic mythology

Celtic mythology  

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Religion
The origin of the Celts, today the smallest group of Indo-European speakers, is unclear. Some archeologists have suggested the existence of a proto-Celtic Indo- European people in the so-called ...
chastity

chastity  

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Either complete abstinence from sexual activity, especially in females, or the virtuous exercise of it to just the right extent, for instance in the Catholic natural law tradition, solely in ...
Claudius Cogidubnus, Tiberius

Claudius Cogidubnus, Tiberius  

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Client king of the British Atrebates c. ad 43–75. Tacitus notes his loyalty, rewarded by rule over additional civitates. An inscription from Chichester dedicating a temple to Neptune and Minerva ...
Domitian

Domitian  

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Younger son of Vespasian, b. ad 51, remained in Rome during his father's campaign against Vitellius. Surrounded on the Capitol with his uncle, he managed to escape and on Vitellius' death was ...
Etruscan mythology

Etruscan mythology  

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Religion
The people of Ertruria, which existed in the west central Italian Peninsula (modern Tuscany and Umbria) between the eighth and fourth centuries b.c.e., were non–Indo-European speakers who developed a ...
European mythology

European mythology  

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Religion
Like most humans, the earliest mythmaking inhabitants of the European continent very likely thought of creation in terms of a feminine metaphor. The primary creative miracle in the purely animal ...
forum

forum  

In Roman civic architecture it was a central open space, a general place of rendezvous, usually surrounded by public buildings and colonnades. It was similar to the Greek agora, but more formally ...
forum Nervae

forum Nervae  

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Orin Rome, built by Domitian, was dedicated by Nerva in ad 97. It converted the Argiletum, which approached the forum Romanum between the forum Augustum and the temple of Peace (see templum pacis), ...
Gaul

Gaul  

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An ancient region of Europe, corresponding to modern France, Belgium, the south Netherlands, SW Germany, and northern Italy. The area south of the Alps was conquered in 222 bc by the Romans, who ...
Hildesheim treasure

Hildesheim treasure  

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The largest hoard of Roman silver plate from outside the empire's frontiers; found in 1868 at Hildesheim in south Hanover and now in Berlin; assigned to the Augustan age and ...
Juno

Juno  

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In Roman mythology, the most important goddess of the Roman state, wife of Jupiter. She was originally an ancient Italian goddess. Her Greek equivalent is Hera.

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