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James Mill

(1773—1836) political philosopher

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A. C. Bradley

A. C. Bradley  

(1851–1935),brother of F. H. Bradley, was professor of poetry at Oxford from 1901 to 1906. He is particularly remembered for his contributions to Shakespearian scholarship; his best‐known works are ...
abstraction

abstraction  

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Philosophy
Supposed process of forming an idea by abstracting out what is common to a variety of instances: a process stressed, for example, by Aquinas in his moderate solution to the problem of universals ...
Alan Philip Frederick Sell

Alan Philip Frederick Sell  

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Philosophy
(1935–)Alan P. F. Sell was born in Farncombe, Surrey on 15 November 1935. He was educated at Pewley School in Guildford before embarking on ministerial training at the Lancashire ...
Alexander Bain

Alexander Bain  

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Philosophy
(1818–1903)Scottish philosopher. The self-taught son of a weaver, Bain eventually enrolled in Marischal College, in Aberdeen, and became a radical follower of J. S. Mill. He was appointed professor ...
Alexander Campbell Fraser

Alexander Campbell Fraser  

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Philosophy
(1819–1914)Alexander Campbell Fraser was born at Ardchattan in Argyll on 8 September 1819 and died in Edinburgh on 2 December 1914. His mother was the daughter of a Campbell ...
Alfred Henry Killick

Alfred Henry Killick  

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Philosophy
(fl. 1870)The Revd A. H. Killick was the author of The Student's Manual of Mill's System of Logic (1870), one of the best of many similar books to appear ...
Alfred Marshall

Alfred Marshall  

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(1842–1924)British economist, regarded as one of the founders of the neoclassical school in economics.Marshall was born in London and graduated in mathematics from St John's College, Cambridge. He ...
Anthony Richards Manser

Anthony Richards Manser  

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Philosophy
(1924–95)Anthony Richards Manser was born in Wandsworth on 24 June 1924 and died in Southampton. After World War II he went up to Oxford University, where he gained his ...
Arthur David Ritchie

Arthur David Ritchie  

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Philosophy
(1891–1967)Arthur David Ritchie was born in Oxford on 22 June 1891 and died in Edinburgh on 12 March 1967. Brought up in St Andrews following his Edinburgh-born Hegelian father's ...
associationism

associationism  

A psychological doctrine concerning the attraction between mental elements or ideas, first suggested in a chapter entitled ‘Of the Association of Ideas’ that the English empiricist philosopher John ...
Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte  

(1798 –1857)A French philosopher who, with Claude-Henri Saint-Simon, founded positivism as a philosophy of science, an ideology of progress, and a humanist religion. Comte also coined the term ...
Charles Kingsley

Charles Kingsley  

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Subject:
Literature
(1819–75).Vicar of Eversley (Hants), social reformer, novelist, and ‘muscular Christian’. Influenced by F. D. Maurice and Thomas Carlyle, Kingsley became a leading spirit in the Christian socialist ...
Charlie Dunbar Broad

Charlie Dunbar Broad  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1887–1971).English philosopher, professor of moral philosophy at Cambridge (1933–53). He carried out detailed conceptual analyses of science (Scientific Thought, 1923), of mind (Mind and its Place ...
classical economics

classical economics  

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An economic theory based on the principles that both individuals and society prosper most with a minimum of political intervention, and that the allocation of a scarce resource is best decided ...
consciousness

consciousness  

The state of being conscious (1, 2); the normal mental condition of the waking state of humans, characterized by the experience of perceptions, thoughts, feelings, awareness of the external world, ...
Contemporary Review

Contemporary Review  

Founded in 1866, covered religious, political and literary subjects; in 1955 it incorporated the Fortnightly, and now deals largely with current affairs.
Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett

Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett  

(1847–1929)British feminist, who led the constitutional movement for women's suffrage. She was created a DBE in 1925.Born in Aldeburgh, Suffolk, the daughter of an East Anglian shipowner, Millicent ...
David Hartley

David Hartley  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1705–57)English physician and philosopher. Hartley is best remembered for being the founder of associationist psychology. His Observations of Man: his Frame, his Duty, and his Expectations (1749) is ...
David Ricardo

David Ricardo  

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(1772–1823)British political economist who, with Adam Smith, founded British classical economics. In 1819–23 he was an MP, supporting Free Trade, a return to the gold standard, and the repeal of the ...
Dugald Stewart

Dugald Stewart  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1753–1828)Scottish common sense philosopher. Stewart succeded Adam Ferguson as professor of moral philosophy in Edinburgh in 1785, having previously held a professorship of mathematics. He continued ...

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