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A. P. Hill

A. P. Hill  

(1825–65) Confederate army officer, born near Culpeper, Virginia. His success in leading a brigade into battle at Williamsburg (1862) led to his being given command of the largest division of ...
Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln  

(1809–65)US Republican statesman, 16th President of the USA (1861–65). His election as President on an anti‐slavery platform antipathetic to the interests of the southern states helped precipitate ...
academies, Service

academies, Service  

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OverviewU.S. Military AcademyU.S. Naval AcademyU.S. Air Force AcademyU.S. Coast Guard AcademyOverviewU.S. Military AcademyU.S. Naval AcademyU.S. Air Force AcademyU.S. Coast Guard AcademyThe primary ...
Agriculture and War

Agriculture and War  

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War and agriculture have often been intertwined during the nation's history. Although this usually involved arable land and farm production, there were times when agricultural trade was at issue.The ...
Albert Sidney Johnston

Albert Sidney Johnston  

(1803–62) Confederate general, born in Washington, Kentucky. Johnston was in command of the vast lands stretching from the Appalachian Mountains to the Indian Territory and was killed at Shiloh ...
Alexander Doniphan

Alexander Doniphan  

(1808–87) army officer during the Mexican War (1846–48), born near Maysville, Kentucky. Doniphan, while in command of the conquered New Mexican region, drafted a code of laws and secured peace ...
Alfred Holt Colquitt

Alfred Holt Colquitt  

(1824–94) Confederate army officer and politician, born in Walton County, Georgia. Colquitt was a major in the Mexican War (1846–48). During the Civil War, Colquitt quickly rose to the rank ...
Alpheus Starkey Williams

Alpheus Starkey Williams  

(1810–1878) U.S. army officer and congressman. Born in Deep River, Connecticut, Alpheus Williams graduated from Yale in 1831. He practiced law and rendered public service in Detroit, and was selected ...
Ambrose Everett Burnside

Ambrose Everett Burnside  

(1824–81) Union general, governor of Rhode Island (1866–69), and U.S. senator (1875–81), born in Liberty, Indiana. As a brigadier general of volunteers, Burnside captured Roanoke Island and New Bern ...
American Colonial Empire

American Colonial Empire  

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At the Cold War's height, the historian Bernard De Voto proposed that “one of the facts which define the United States is that its national and its imperial boundaries are ...
American Peace Society

American Peace Society  

A pacifist group founded in 1828 that was the first nationally based secular peace organization in American history. Based in Boston, the society organized peace conferences and published a ...
amphibious warfare

amphibious warfare  

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Warfare consisting of attacks launched from the sea by naval and landing forces embarked in ships or craft and involving the landing and establishing of forces on a hostile shore.[...]
Andrew Jackson Smith

Andrew Jackson Smith  

(1815–97) Union army officer, born in Pennsylvania. Smith held several routine postings in the U.S. Army and he served in the Mexican War (1846–48). When the Civil War broke out ...
Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson  

(1808–75)US politician; 17th President of the USA (1865–69). As the only southern senator to support the Union in the American Civil War he was appointed military governor of Tennessee. Having been ...
antebellum

antebellum  

Occurring or existing before a particular war, especially the American Civil War.
antislavery

antislavery  

Slavery was regarded in later 18th‐cent. Britain as essential to the exploitation of the West Indian colonies and there was strong opposition to any interference with the institution, particularly ...
antiwar Movements

antiwar Movements  

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A campaign to end a war or a state's involvement in a war, especially the 1963-73 effort to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
Antonio López de Santa Anna

Antonio López de Santa Anna  

(1794–1876)Mexican military adventurer and statesman. He entered the Spanish colonial army and served as one of the Creole supporters of the Spanish government until 1821, when Iturbide made him ...
Arizona

Arizona  

The establishment of economic and political control by the United States in the Southwest during the nineteenth century shaped the history of Latinos and Latinas in Arizona. After the United ...
Army Combat Branches: Artillery

Army Combat Branches: Artillery  

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Beginning in colonial times, American artillery has served as coast artillery to defend the coasts, siege artillery to bombard fortifications, garrison artillery to defend land fortifications, and ...

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