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Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry  

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(1873–1907),French poet and dramatist, whose Ubu-roi is now considered the founder-play of the modern avant-garde theatre. Written when Jarry was 15 years old and first performed in 1888 as ...
angura

angura  

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Japanese avant-garde movement, also called ‘little theatre’ (shōgekijō) movement. Angura (‘underground’) rose from a dissatisfaction with the politics and aesthetics of orthodox modern theatre ...
Anne Bogart

Anne Bogart  

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(1953– )American director. Bogart's early work was influenced by postmodern dance and by several stays in Germany, from which she returned intent on exploring American forms, themes, and writers. She ...
Cambridge Festival Theatre

Cambridge Festival Theatre  

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A disused Georgian playhouse transformed in 1926 by Egyptologist Terence Gray and Harold Ridge, a metallurgist and author of the standard book Stage Lighting for Little Theatres, into an open-stage ...
Carlos Felipe

Carlos Felipe  

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(1914–75)Cuban playwright who—together with Piñera and Rolando Ferrer—modernized national drama. Self-taught, an insatiable reader, his works adapted the methods of the avant-garde: dreamlike ...
disguise

disguise  

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Literature
When dramatic characters assume false identities, audiences are usually but not always aware of the deception, depending on whether the playwright seeks to create dramatic irony or surprise. ...
Gerald Thomas

Gerald Thomas  

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(1954– )Brazilian director. A polemical figure in Brazilian theatre since his 1985 staging of Four Times Beckett, epitomizing the director as auteur, he has been both criticized and admired for ...
Kong Shangren

Kong Shangren  

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(1648–1718)Chinese dramatist, best known as the author of the chuanqi drama The Peach Blossom Fan (1698). The play deals with the last days of the Ming Dynasty, directly addressing ...
Kossi Efoui

Kossi Efoui  

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(1962– )Togolese dramatist. An anti-conformist playwright, Efoui gained public attention with his plays Le Carrefour (The Crossroad, 1989) and Récupération (1993). He uses his work as a weapon in the ...
La Cubana

La Cubana  

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Catalan theatre company formed in Sitges in 1980. Whilst emerging from the street theatre tradition of Els Comediants, the company have forged a particular performance style which embraces ...
Lope de Vega

Lope de Vega  

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(1562–1635)Spanish dramatist. Born in Madrid, the son of an embroiderer, he attended a Jesuit school and probably the University of Alcalá. He served a long series of noble masters ...
Lucia Elizabeth Vestris

Lucia Elizabeth Vestris  

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(b London, 3 Jan or 2 March 1797; d London, 8 Aug 1856).English contralto, actress and theatre manager of Italian descent. From 1813 to 1817 she was married to ...
Luigi Pirandello

Luigi Pirandello  

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Literature
(1867–1936),Italian dramatist, short‐story writer, and novelist, who exercised a pervasive influence on European drama by challenging the conventions of naturalism. In his plays, which include Sei ...
Michael Frayn

Michael Frayn  

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Literature
(1933– ),novelist and playwright, educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He worked as a humorous columnist for the Manchester Guardian, then for the Observer. His novels include The Russian ...
New Comedy

New Comedy  

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Term used to describe the last period of ancient Greek comic drama, which in the later 4th and 3rd centuries bc developed from the transitional Middle Comedy. It later became ...
Ricardo Monti

Ricardo Monti  

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(1944– )Argentinian playwright and screenwriter. Although he has written less than many of his contemporaries, he has been called Argentina's most important recent dramatist. In his theatre, ...
Samuel Beckett

Samuel Beckett  

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Literature
(1906–1989)Irish writer, who lived most of his life in France. He was awarded the Prix Formentor in 1961 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969.Born in Dublin into a middle-class family, Beckett ...
Shimizu Kunio

Shimizu Kunio  

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(1936– )Japanese playwright. Shimizu began as a student radical during the 1960s, working closely with the young director Ninagawa. After graduation Shimizu wrote for the small avant-garde companies ...
theatricalism

theatricalism  

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An approach to production developed in Germany and Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century that emphasizes theatre as being distinct from ‘real’ life. The audience's attention is called ...
Tom Stoppard

Tom Stoppard  

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Subject:
Literature
[né(b. 1937), playwright.Perhaps the most brilliant (if not widely accessible) modern English playwright, he was first represented on Broadway by Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead (1967). His ...

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