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A. C. Bradley

A. C. Bradley  

(1851–1935),brother of F. H. Bradley, was professor of poetry at Oxford from 1901 to 1906. He is particularly remembered for his contributions to Shakespearian scholarship; his best‐known works are ...
A. J. Ayer

A. J. Ayer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1910–1989)British philosopher, responsible for introducing the principles of logical positivism of the Vienna Circle to British philosophers. He was knighted in 1970.Born in London, Ayer was ...
Abraham Wolf

Abraham Wolf  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1876–1948)Abraham Wolf was born in Russia and died on 19 May 1948. He was educated at University College London and at St John's College Cambridge. Wolf spent most of ...
act and potency

act and potency  

The pair “act – potency” appears, in Aristotle, in the context of the physical explanation of movement and, more widely, the metaphysical explanation of becoming. A notion too primordial to ...
action

action  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
What an agent does, as opposed to what happens to an agent (or even what happens inside an agent's head). Describing events that happen does not of itself permit us to talk of rationality and ...
Adam of Buckfield

Adam of Buckfield  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(c.1220–?92)Adam of Buckfield was born around 1220 in Bockenfield, Northumberland. He studied in Oxford around 1238 and became a Master of Arts shortly before 1243. He was in close ...
Adam of Wodeham

Adam of Wodeham  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(c.1298–1358)Adam of Wodeham was an English Franciscan, who was born around 1298 and died in 1358. Although he was undoubtedly one of the greatest thinkers of his time, undeservedly ...
al- Kindī

al- Kindī  

(c.801–c.866)An Arab philosopher and scholar who lived at Baghdad as a familiar of the caliphs, at a time of great theological controversies and intense activity of translating Greek works ...
Alan Ker Stout

Alan Ker Stout  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–83)Alan Ker Stout was born in Oxford on 9 May 1900 and died in Hobart, Tasmania on 20 July 1983. He was the only child of G. F. Stout ...
Alcuin

Alcuin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(c. 735–804)English scholar and theologian. In 782 was employed by Emperor Charlemagne as head of his palace school at Aachen, where his pupils included many of the outstanding figures in the ...
Alexander Boyce Gibson

Alexander Boyce Gibson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–72)Alexander Boyce Gibson was born in London on 10 March 1900 and died in Melbourne on 2 October 1972. He graduated in classics from Melbourne before studying philosophy at ...
Alexander Campbell Fraser

Alexander Campbell Fraser  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1819–1914)Alexander Campbell Fraser was born at Ardchattan in Argyll on 8 September 1819 and died in Edinburgh on 2 December 1914. His mother was the daughter of a Campbell ...
Alexander Macbeath

Alexander Macbeath  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1888–1964)Alexander Macbeath was born on the Applecross peninsula, Wester Ross on 16 October 1888 and died in Aberfeldy on 15 December 1964. He attended Hutchesons' Boys Grammar School, Glasgow ...
Alexander Stewart Ferguson

Alexander Stewart Ferguson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1883–1958)A. S. Ferguson was born in Banffshire on 28 July 1883 and died in Aberdeen on 18 March 1958. After schooling in London he attended the University of St ...
Alfred Cyril Ewing

Alfred Cyril Ewing  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1899–1973)A. C. Ewing was born in Leicester on 11 May 1899 and died in Manchester on 14 May 1973. He was educated at Wyggeston Grammar School in Leicester and ...
Alfred Edward Taylor

Alfred Edward Taylor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1869–1945)Alfred Edward Taylor was born in Oundle, Northamptonshire on 22 December 1869 and died in Edinburgh on 31 October 1945. The eldest son of a Wesleyan minister, he was ...
Alfred North Whitehead

Alfred North Whitehead  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1861–1947)British mathematician, logician, and metaphysician.The son of a clergyman, Whitehead was born in Ramsgate, Kent, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he remained as student, ...
Allen Phillips Griffiths

Allen Phillips Griffiths  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1927–)A. Phillips Griffiths, known to the philosophical world as ‘Griff’, was born in Llandaff on 11 June 1927. After school in Cardiff, leaving Whitchurch Cardiff Grammar in 1943, he ...
analogy

analogy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In common modern usage the word signifies a resemblance or similarity between objects of discourse. More technically analogy is a linguistic and semantic phenomenon which occurs when one word bears ...
analogy

analogy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A respect in which one thing is similar to another. The analogical extension of terms is the way in which a term covers similar things: people, bottles, and rivers have mouths. Shops, boxes, ...

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