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metaphor

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allegory

allegory  

A story, poem, or picture which can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. The word comes (in late Middle English) via Old French and Latin from Greek ...
allegory of the cave

allegory of the cave  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A story told by Plato in Book VII of The Republic to illustrate the superiority of information derived from reason to that derived from the senses. The allegory takes the form of a dialogue between ...
analogy

analogy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A respect in which one thing is similar to another. The analogical extension of terms is the way in which a term covers similar things: people, bottles, and rivers have mouths. Shops, boxes, ...
Analytic Aesthetics

Analytic Aesthetics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
For examples of the types of entries characteristic of Analytic Aesthetics, which is derived from twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy (and which is often contrasted with Continental ...
appropriation

appropriation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. (cultural appropriation) The adoption by one cultural group of some of the cultural forms of a different cultural group (including subcultures). For instance, ‘metrosexual’ fashions can be seen as ...
Aristotle

Aristotle  

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Overview Page
(384–322bce). Greek philosopherimportant in the early history of Western linguistics both for his general contributions to logic, rhetoric, and poetics and for a specific classification of speech ...
back stage

back stage  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In the theatre, an area behind the stage or performance space that is not visible to the audience.2. (back region) Goffman's metaphor for a private place where a person does not have to keep up ...
base and superstructure

base and superstructure  

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Overview Page
Karl Marx's metaphor for the relationship between material production and economic relations (the base) and the political, legal, and cultural dimensions of society (the superstructure). Marx's key ...
blind spot

blind spot  

The small area of the retina of the eye where the nerve fibres from the light-sensitive cells (see cone, rod) lead into the optic nerve. There are no rods or cones in this area and hence it does not ...
Cambridge Platonists

Cambridge Platonists  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A small group of mid-17th century thinkers centred on Cambridge, whose members included Ralph Cudworth, Henry More, and Benjamin Whichcote. The problems they addressed included the rise of low-church ...
catachresis

catachresis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Any misuse or wrong application of a word, often by assuming its meaning to be that of a word with a similar sound, as in the utterance I suffer from prostrate trouble, seeming to imply that I can't ...
Chicago Critics

Chicago Critics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A group of critics associated with the University of Chicago, who contributed to the volume Critics and Criticisms: Ancient and Modern (1952) edited by the most prominent figure, R. S. Crane. Other ...
Cognitive Grammar

Cognitive Grammar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
C[ognitive] G[rammar] is a linguistic model developed by Ronald W. Langacker (Langacker 1987, 1990, 1991, 1999, among others). Its main goal is to express the semiotic function of language, namely ...
communication models

communication models  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Formal specifications of elements and relations, or underlying metaphors, which represent interaction through messages.2. Models of interpersonal interaction. While there are countless forms, the ...
conceit

conceit  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An elaborate metaphor comparing two apparently dissimilar objects or emotions, often with an effect of shock or surprise. The Petrarchan conceit, much imitated by Elizabethan sonneteers and both used ...
conceptismo

conceptismo  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[kon-thep-teez-moh]A Spanish term for ‘conceitism’, i.e. a cultivation in poetry of conceits or elaborate metaphors and paradoxical images that challenge the reader to notice occult relations among ...
concettismo

concettismo  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An Italian word for ‘conceitism’, or the cult of strikingly ingenious conceits, metaphors, paradoxes, and wit (ingegno) in both prose and verse of the early 17th century. Its most prominent exponent ...
condensation

condensation  

Compressing or making more compact. In psychoanalysis, the representation of several chains of mental associations by a single idea. This phenomenon is manifested in dreams (1), neurotic (1) or other ...
conduit metaphor

conduit metaphor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A metaphor underlying everyday references to communication, identified in 1979 by Michael Reddy, an American linguist, reflecting the notions that: language functions like a conduit transferring ...
connotation

connotation  

See also surplus meaning; compare denotation1. In linguistics and literary theory, a ‘secondary’ (often emotional) meaning (or a range of associations) evoked by a word beyond its explicit denotation ...

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