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Aaron

Aaron  

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Music, Opera
In Hebrew tradition Moses's brother. He was assigned to Moses as his assistant (Exod. 4: 14), and later he and his descendants were appointed priests (Exod. 28 f.). In Christian theology he is a type ...
Adam Kadmon

Adam Kadmon  

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Religion
Primordial man, a term used in the Kabbalah to denote the stage of the divine unfolding which provides the link between En Sof and the Sefirot.
African American Religion.

African American Religion.  

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Religion
The religious beliefs of so large and diverse a population cannot be unified into a single, artificial scheme. The African dispersion has now mingled with many other sources, and black ...
Ahmadis

Ahmadis  

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Religion
Controversial messianic movement founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, Punjab (British-controlled India), in 1889. Founder claimed to be a “nonlegislating” prophet (thus not in opposition to the ...
Akiba

Akiba  

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Religion
(c. 50–132),Jewish Rabbi. Akiba ben Joseph was the most influential rabbi of his generation. As teacher of the renowned Rabbi Meir he prob. much influenced the Mishnah. He actively ...
Akiva

Akiva  

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Religion
(c.50–135 ce).Jewish scholar and martyr. Akiva was one of the leading scholars of his age and is credited with systematizing the midrash. He set up his own school at ...
anointing

anointing  

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Religion
A ceremonial action to separate persons and things from profane use and to obtain for them the infusion of Divine grace. In the OT priests and kings are anointed, and the future deliverer is ...
Antichrist

Antichrist  

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Religion
A great personal opponent of Christ, expected by the early Church to appear before the end of the world. The name is recorded from Old English and comes via Old French or ecclesiastical Latin from ...
Aramaic Apocalypse

Aramaic Apocalypse  

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Religion
Known as the Aramaic Apocalypse (4Q246) or the Son of God Text, this skin fragment (14.1 by 8.8 centimeters) preserves the end of nine lines on column i and the ...
Avraham Ben Eliʿezer Ha-Levi

Avraham Ben Eliʿezer Ha-Levi  

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Religion
(1460–1528), kabbalist in Spain before the expulsion of 1492, who after that time wandered in many communities of Italy, Greece, Turkey, and Egypt, finally settling in Jerusalem in 1514. In ...
Balaam

Balaam  

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Religion
A biblical character. He was instructed by Balak, king of Moab, to curse Israel, but after a vision of an angel he blessed the Israelites instead: see Numbers 22. 1–24. 25.[...]
Bar Cochba

Bar Cochba  

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Religion
Jewish leader of a rebellion in 132 ad against the Roman emperor Hadrian's intention to rebuild Jerusalem as a non-Jewish city. His claim to be the Messiah was accepted by some. A number of letters ...
Bar-Kochba

Bar-Kochba  

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Religion
General in Judaea who led a great revolt against Roman dominion (d. 135 ce). Letters written by Bar Kochba (and the coins he struck during his early successes against Rome) have been discovered. From ...
blasphemy

blasphemy  

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Religion
The action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French and ecclesiastical Latin from Greek blasphēmia ...
Book of Haggai

Book of Haggai  

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Religion
Minor Prophet. The Book, dated in the second year of Darius, i.e. 520–519 bc, consists of four discourses concerned to promote the rebuilding of the Temple. The fourth (2: 21–4), promising Zerubbabel ...
Book of Isaiah

Book of Isaiah  

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Religion
Traditionally the whole of this OT Book has been ascribed to Isaiah, but only parts of the earlier chapters have any claim to be his. The Book falls into three sections.(1) Chs. 1–35. The parts most ...
Book of Micah

Book of Micah  

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Religion
Minor Prophet. The author after whom this OT Book is named appears to have lived in the 8th cent. bc and begun to prophesy before the fall of Samaria (c.721). Chs. 1–3 are generally accepted as his ...
Book of Psalms

Book of Psalms  

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Religion
(Gk., psalmoi, ‘songs accompanied by string music’).The first of the Writings in the Hebrew Bible and nineteenth book in the Christian Old Testament. The Hebrew title is Tehillim (‘songs ...
Book of Zechariah

Book of Zechariah  

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Religion
Minor Prophet. Chs. 1–8, deriving mainly from Zachariah himself, date from 519–517 bc. An introductory prophecy is followed by eight visions. In one of these (4: 1–14) Zerubbabel, the contemporary ...
Book of Zerubbabel

Book of Zerubbabel  

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Religion
A Hebrew apocalypse, originally written by a Byzantine Jew in the seventh century ce and preserved in several different recensions. It consists of the apocalyptic visions of Zerubbabel, the governor ...

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