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Robert Gordon Menzies

(1894—1978) prime minister of Australia

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Aid policy

Aid policy  

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Overview Page
Provision by Australia of foreign aid to developing countries is largely a post‐1945 phenomenon. Foreign aid falls under the purview of the minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, assisted by ...
Air Marshal Sir Valston Eldridge Hancock

Air Marshal Sir Valston Eldridge Hancock  

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(31 May 1907–29 September 1998).An important postwar head of the RAAF, Hancock began his career by entering RMC Duntroon in 1925 intending to make his way in the Army. ...
Allan William Martin

Allan William Martin  

(1926–2002)historian, trained at the University of Sydney. After appointments at the universities of New South Wales, Melbourne, and Adelaide, he was appointed foundation professor of history at La ...
American–Australian relations

American–Australian relations  

Have been crucial in modern Australian history. Although the USA, with its immense population, wealth, vitality, and national self-awareness has dominated the relationship, Australia has adapted ...
Anglo-Australian

Anglo-Australian  

In its early usage, referred to Australians of English birth or descent, or to things or organisations of English origin, loyalties, or sentiment. In the late nineteenth century the word ...
Antarctica

Antarctica  

The fifth largest and by far the coldest of the seven continents. It is centred on the South Pole, located mostly within the Antarctic Circle, covered with ice (which in places is more than 2000 ...
ANZUS

ANZUS  

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Overview Page
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History
An acronym given to a tripartite Pacific security treaty between Australia, New Zealand, and the USA, signed at San Francisco in 1951. Known also as the Pacific Security Treaty, it recognizes that an ...
Arthur Augustus Calwell

Arthur Augustus Calwell  

(b. 28 Aug. 1896, d. 8 July 1973).Australian politician Born and educated in Melbourne, he joined the state civil service of Victoria in 1913. He joined the Labor Party in 1914 and advanced through ...
Arthur Fadden

Arthur Fadden  

(1895–1973)Australian accountant and politician, Prime Minister in 1941 for five weeks following the resignation of Robert Gordon Menzies.
Australia

Australia  

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History
Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchyAustralia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest island—is dominated by a ...
Australian Broadcasting Corporation

Australian Broadcasting Corporation  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Formerly Australian Broadcasting Commission, the national broadcasting service, known also as the ‘ABC’ and more colloquially as ‘Aunty’, was established in 1932, nine years after commercial radio ...
Australian English

Australian English  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Is a term used to describe the form of English spoken and written in Australia. Like other national varieties of English, it shares much of its vocabulary and pronunciation with ...
Australian political thought

Australian political thought  

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Overview Page
A long tradition of commentary claims that Australia has not produced thinkers concerned with the theoretical dimensions of politics. This is true to the extent that there have been relatively ...
Australian Security Intelligence Organisation

Australian Security Intelligence Organisation  

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Overview Page
ASIO is Australia's domestic national security and intelligence agency under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 (Cth). ASIO has no law enforcement powers but investigates and ...
Australian War Cabinet

Australian War Cabinet  

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Overview Page
Met for the first time on 27 September 1939, its formation having been foreshadowed in the War Book in the 1930s and formally announced on 15 September 1939. Membership consisted ...
Australian Women's National League

Australian Women's National League  

Was an influential women's conservative political organisation in the early twentieth century. Formed in 1904 in Victoria, by 1914 it had attracted 52 000 members on a populist platform of ...
automobile

automobile  

Self-propelled vehicles have long been dreamt of by human society. The ancients devised methods for moving statues over short distances during religious celebrations. Later thinkers such as Roger ...
‘Banjo’ Paterson

‘Banjo’ Paterson  

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Literature
(1864–1941),Australian writer, born on a bush station in New South Wales; he trained as a solicitor. The author of ‘Waltzing Matilda’, he grew up in the bush and had ...
Ben Chifley

Ben Chifley  

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Overview Page
Joseph Benedict Chifley (1885–1951), prime minister from 1945 to 1949, is perhaps best remembered for popularising the term, ‘the light on the hill’, to encapsulate the Labor Party's idealistic ...
Brigadier Charles Sir Chambers Fowell Spry

Brigadier Charles Sir Chambers Fowell Spry  

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Overview Page
(26 June 1910–27 May 1994).Spry graduated from RMC Duntroon in December 1931, and held the usual round of interwar training posts with CMF units which were the lot of ...

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