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animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
artificial life

artificial life  

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Overview Page
While processes of selforganization, reproduction, learning, adaptation and evolution are in nature confined to the biological sphere, they can be duplicated in principle in computer simulations, ...
culturgen

culturgen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A notion introduced by Charles Lumsden and Edward O. Wilson in their Genes, Mind, and Culture: The Coevolutionary Process (1981), culturgen denotes any particular item of culture. More formally, ...
evolution

evolution  

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Overview Page
In biology, the genetic transformations of populations through time, resulting from genetic variation and the subsequent impact of the environment on rates of reproductive success. See also Darwinism.
gene

gene  

The fundamental unit of inheritance, comprising a segment of DNA (or RNA in some viruses) that codes for one or several related functions and occupies a fixed position (locus) on a chromosome.
gene pool

gene pool  

All the genes and their different alleles that are present in a population of a particular species of organism. See also population genetics.
Lamarckism

Lamarckism  

One of the earliest superficially plausible theories of inheritance proposed by Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck in 1809. He suggested that changes in an individual are acquired during its lifetime, chiefly ...
memetics

memetics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A fledgling discipline, memetics studies how culture evolves through the creation, selection, and replication or transmission of information patterns or memes: ideas, beliefs, theories, and other ...
natural selection

natural selection  

A complex process in which the total environment determines which members of a species survive to reproduce and so pass on their genes to the next generation. This need not necessarily involve a ...
Richard Dawkins

Richard Dawkins  

(1941– )British scientist whose books on genetics and evolution have found a wide general readership.Born in Nairobi, Kenya, Dawkins studied at Oxford, then taught at the University of California, ...
rumor

rumor  

Unsubstantiated, often false stories that spread through a community person to person by word of mouth in a manner rather similar to the spread of communicable diseases. Rumor can affect the behavior ...
semiotics

semiotics  

[Ge]The study of the ways in which non‐linguistic phenomena can generate meaning. In archaeology this is especially important because of its focus on material culture which is well known as a means ...
small world phenomenon

small world phenomenon  

The finding that two people A and B, chosen at random, tend to be connected by a surprisingly short acquaintanceship chain, A knowing someone who knows someone … who knows B. This helps to explain ...
sociobiology

sociobiology  

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Overview Page
The study of the biological bases of social behaviour. See also evolutionary psychology. sociobiological adj. Pertaining to sociobiology. sociobiologist n. One who practises sociobiology.
Walter A. Koch

Walter A. Koch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(b. 1934),German linguist and semiotician. His first monograph, Theory of the Sound Change (1962), approached the foundations of language from a diachronic and explanatory perspective at a time when ...

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