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academies

academies  

Are societies or institutions for the cultivation and promotion of literature, the arts or science, or of some particular branch of science such as medicine, for example, the Académie de ...
Accademia delle Arti del Disegno

Accademia delle Arti del Disegno  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
As Grand Duke of Florence, Cosimo I de' Medici saw the potential use of art for politics, and gave his official approval to the proposal for an academy to provide ...
Acciaiuoli

Acciaiuoli  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Leading Florentine mercantile and banking family during the 14th and 15th c., who assumed a major role in the republic's political life, beginning with the support of the signoria of ...
Acciajuoli

Acciajuoli  

(᾽Ατζαϊώλης), name of a Florentine banking family, one branch of which rose to prominence in 14th-15th-C. Greece; etym. Ital. acciao (“steel”). The Acciajuolis first made their fortune in Italy in ...
Agnolo Bronzino

Agnolo Bronzino  

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(b Monticelli, nr. Florence, 17 Nov. 1503; d Florence, 23 Nov. 1572).Florentine Mannerist painter, the pupil of Pontormo, who virtually adopted him as a son and introduced his portrait as a child ...
Agnolo Firenzuola

Agnolo Firenzuola  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1493–1543),Italian author, a native of Florence who studied law, became a Vallombrosan monk (1517), and was released from his monastic vows by papal dispensation in 1526. In 1534 he ...
Agnolo Pandolfini

Agnolo Pandolfini  

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Literature
(1360–1446),from a Florentine family first prominent in the 14th c., was a leading Medici partisan. An amateur Latinist whose learning was praised by Leon Battista Alberti and Vespasiano da ...
Alamanno Zanobi Rinuccini

Alamanno Zanobi Rinuccini  

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Literature
(1426–99).Humanist and member of a Florentine family first prominent in the 14th c. He himself gained a second-rank political position under Cosimo de' Medici. Siding with the anti-Mediceans in ...
Alessandra Scala

Alessandra Scala  

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Subject:
Literature
(1475–1506),daughter of Bartolomeo Scala, had access to the literary circle around Lorenzo de' Medici. We have from her hand a Greek epigram written to Poliziano in response to one ...
Alessandro Striggio

Alessandro Striggio  

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Subject:
Music
(b Mantua, 1535; d Mantua, 1592).It. composer. Prin. composer at court of Medicis in Florence in 1560s, writing intermedi for ceremonial occasions. Visited Eng. as political emissary 1567. Wrote ...
alum

alum  

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History
Aluminium potassium sulphate. A white or colourless crystalline compound that is used to dress leather, and as a pigment in dyes. Also known as potash alum.
Andrea del Castagno

Andrea del Castagno  

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(b Castagno, nr. Florence, c.1418; bur. Florence, 19 Aug. 1457).One of the most powerful Florentine painters in the generation after Masaccio. Nothing is known of his training, and the ...
Andrea del Verrocchio

Andrea del Verrocchio  

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(b Florence, c.1435; d Venice, June/July 1488).Florentine sculptor, painter, and metalworker, one of the outstanding Italian artists of his period. His nickname—Verrocchio means ‘true eye’—was given ...
Angelo Poliziano

Angelo Poliziano  

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Literature
 (1454–94) Florentine humanist, the foremost vernacular poet and classical scholar of his day.A Medici protégé, he had easy access to ancient literature; through intense study of it he made ...
antique

antique  

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Pertaining to Graeco-Roman Antiquity, or the Classical civilizations of the Graeco-Roman world.
Antoine Caron

Antoine Caron  

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(b Beauvais, 1521; d Paris, 1599).French Mannerist painter. He is one of the few French painters of his time with a distinctive artistic personality, and his work reflects the refined but unstable ...
Antonio Pollaiuolo

Antonio Pollaiuolo  

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(b Florence, c.1432; d Rome, ?4 Feb. 1498) and Piero (b Florence, c.1441; d Rome, c.1496).Florentine artists, brothers, who jointly ran a flourishing workshop, first in their native city and then ...
Auto-Destructive art

Auto-Destructive art  

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A term applied to works deliberately intended to self-destruct. Works of art that are inherently short-lived are not unique to the 20th century—witness the butter sculptures of Tibet, the sand ...
Baccio Bandinelli

Baccio Bandinelli  

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(b Florence, 12 Nov. 1493; d Florence, 7 Feb. 1560).Florentine sculptor, painter, and draughtsman. He was a favourite of the Medici family, but he is remembered more for his belligerent character and ...
Baglioni family

Baglioni family  

The Umbrian family that dominated Perugia from the thirteenth century until 1540, when the city was subjected to the direct rule of the Papal state by Pope Paul III. The ...

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