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Joseph McCarthy

(1908—1957) American Republican politician

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Academic Freedom.

Academic Freedom.  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The American tradition of academic freedom drew inspiration from the German concept of Lehrfreiheit, the statutory rights of professors in state universities to teach and do research freely. ...
Adlai Stevenson

Adlai Stevenson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(b. Los Angeles, 5 Feb. 1900; d. London, 14 July 1965)US; Governor of Illinois 1949–53, Democratic presidential candidate 1952, 1956 Stevenson took a BA at Princeton University and an LL B at ...
Alger Hiss

Alger Hiss  

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Subject:
History
(1904–96) State Department official and accused spy. In 1950, Hiss was convicted of perjury, stemming from his testimony before a grand jury that he had never given a Communist courier ...
Alger Hiss Trials

Alger Hiss Trials  

(USA, 1949–50)Alger Hiss was a Harvard-educated lawyer who had worked at the highest levels for the US State Department. In 1948 he became the focus of an anti-Communist investigation under the ...
Americans for Democratic Action

Americans for Democratic Action  

(ADA) was founded in January 1947 by the liberal leadership of a World War II–era interventionist group, the Union for Democratic Action.The ADA's creation marked the culmination of a ...
anticommunism

anticommunism  

Communism aims for a situation in which every individual will be free to fulfil his or her potential, and to live on an equal footing with everyone else. But its ...
Army-McCarthy Hearings

Army-McCarthy Hearings  

(1954)The televised hearings that investigated alleged communist infiltration of the U.S. Army diminished public support for Senator Joseph R. McCarthy (Republican–Wisconsin) and led to his censure ...
Arthur Miller

Arthur Miller  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1915–2005)US dramatist, regarded as one of the leading American playwrights of the twentieth century.The son of a Jewish manufacturer, Miller was born in New York City, where he suffered at first ...
Barry Goldwater

Barry Goldwater  

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(1909–1998), U.S. Senator, Republican presidential candidate.Born in Phoenix, Arizona, Goldwater attended Staunton Military Academy in Virginia and the University of Arizona before entering the ...
censure

censure  

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By censuring one of its members, Congress formally rebukes that person for wrong doing. However, members who are censured do not lose their seat, their committee assignments, or their seniority. ...
civil liberties

civil liberties  

One of the fundamental principles of open, free societies, written into constitutions of many nations, civil liberty is the right of citizens to go about their lawful business without intrusive ...
Dashiell Hammett

Dashiell Hammett  

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Subject:
Literature
(1894–1961)US writer of detective novels that are the original and outstanding examples of the tough realistic type of crime fiction.Hammett was born in Maryland and spent his youth in Baltimore and ...
Dean Acheson

Dean Acheson  

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History
(1893–1971)US politician. He served as Assistant Secretary of State, Under‐Secretary, and Secretary of State (1949–53), urging international control of nuclear power in the Acheson–Lilienthal Report ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower  

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(1890–1969)US general and Republican statesman; thirty-fourth president of the USA (1953–60).Born in Denison, Texas, Eisenhower graduated from West Point military academy in 1915 and held senior ...
Federal Bureau of Investigation

Federal Bureau of Investigation  

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Subject:
History
(FBI)The investigative branch of the US Department of Justice. Established by Attorney-General Charles J. Bonaparte (1851–1921) in 1908, it was at first called the Bureau of Investigation. It was ...
Fifties, The.

Fifties, The.  

The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union dominated American life in the 1950s.The Korean War (1950–1953), a conflict formally fought under the flag of the ...
George Catlett Marshall

George Catlett Marshall  

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Subject:
History
(1880–1959)US general, administrator, and diplomat, who organized the massive expansion in US armed forces during World War II and implemented the programme of economic aid to postwar Europe known as ...
Henry Martin Jackson

Henry Martin Jackson  

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(b. Everett, Washington, 31 May 1912; d. Everett, Washington, 1 Sept. 1983)US; member of the US House of Representatives 1940–52; US Senator 1952–83 The son of Norwegian immigrants, Jackson acquired ...
Institute for Pacific Relations.

Institute for Pacific Relations.  

Founded in 1925 by Stanford University president Ray Lyman Wilbur, the businessman Frank Atherton, and Merle Davis, who, like many others, was formerly linked to the Young Men's Christian Association ...
Internal Security Act

Internal Security Act  

(McCarran Act). Enacted during the early Cold War, shortly after the Soviet Union's detonation of an atomic bomb and North Korea's invasion of South Korea, the Internal Security Act of ...

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