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St Maximus the Confessor

(c. 580—662)

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Anastasius I

Anastasius I  

(d. 598), Patr. of Antioch 559–70 and 593–8. A critic of Justinian I's aphthartodocetism, he was deposed by Justinian II and spent 23 years in exile. A key figure in the dogmatic discussions of the ...
Andrew of Crete

Andrew of Crete  

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(c.660–740),monk and archbishop. Born at Damascus, he became a monk at Jerusalem. In 685 he was sent by its Patriarch to Constantinople to attest their acceptance of the sixth ecumenical council, ...
apocatastasis

apocatastasis  

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Religion
(Greek, restoration)In theology, the restoration of things after the millennium or final day of doom.
Aristion

Aristion  

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Religion
(1st cent.). According to Papias (as reported by Eusebius), he was a primary authority, with John the Presbyter, for the traditions about the Lord.
Christology

Christology  

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A doctrine of the Person of Christ, and the study of it, has been an essential part of rational thought about their beliefs once monotheistic Jews found that they were worshipping Jesus Christ as ...
Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite

Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite  

(c.500), mystical theologian. The name given to the author of a body of theological writings to which the supporters of Severus, Patr. of Antioch, appealed in 533, attributing them to Dionysius (1) ...
Eriugena, John Scottus

Eriugena, John Scottus  

(c.810–c.877)Also known as John the Scot, Eriugena was born in Ireland, achieved a remarkable degree of learning, and taught at the court of Charles the Bald. He is important as a translator and ...
François Combefis

François Combefis  

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(1605–79),patristic scholar. A native of Aquitaine, he entered the Dominican Order in 1624. He published first editions of the Greek text of several of the Fathers, among them Amphilochius ...
Hans Urs von Balthasar

Hans Urs von Balthasar  

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(1905–88), Swiss theologian. In 1929 he became a Jesuit. From 1940 to 1948 he was university chaplain at Basle. Here he met Adrienne von Speyr, a medical doctor and mystic; he became the amanuensis ...
Hesychasm

Hesychasm  

[Greek, hêsykhía ‘stillness’] (Slav., bezml’vie) A monastic movement in the Balkans and Russia that began when c.1330 Gregory of Sinai founded his community at Paroria in southeastern Bulgaria. That ...
Lord's Prayer

Lord's Prayer  

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Name of the prayer given by Jesus to his disciples at their request (Matt. 6: 9–13, and in a slightly different and shorter version, Luke 11: 2–4). It is an essentially Jewish prayer, without ...
monothelism

monothelism  

A theological doctrine arising in the 7th c., monothelism acknowledged only one will (thelesis) in the incarnate Word.Following the defeat of monoenergism, Patriarch Sergius, taking support from a ...
Paul Evergetinos

Paul Evergetinos  

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(d. 1054), compiler of an influential monastic florilegium. After founding a monastery near Constantinople, c.1050 he put together a selection of spiritual texts; it was called by him Synagoge but is ...
Philocalia

Philocalia  

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A title meaning ‘Love of what is beautiful’, applied especially to: (1) the Philocalia of Origen, an anthology from his writings compiled by St Basil the Great and St Gregory Nazianzus in 358–9; (2) ...
Pyrrhos

Pyrrhos  

(Πύρρος), patriarch of Constantinople (20 Dec. 638–29 Sept. 641; 8/9 Jan.–1 June 654); died Constantinople.A favorite of Herakleios (he was godson of the emperor's sister) and Patr. Sergios I ...
Rodulfus Glaber

Rodulfus Glaber  

(died 1047)Of Burgundian origin, Rodulfus Glaber (or the “bald”) entered in his youth the monastery of Saint-Germain at Auxerre where he was educated in contact with the works bequeathed ...
Slavic miscellanies

Slavic miscellanies  

In Byzantine literature, excerpts from the writings of the Church Fathers were collected in catenae or florilegia, most of them anonymously, a few by distinguished theologians of the eastern church ...
St John of Damascus

St John of Damascus  

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(c.655–c.750), Greek theologian. His family had long been involved in fiscal administration in Damascus and he succeeded his father at the court of the Caliph. He resigned his office, perhaps as ...
Theodore of Tarsus

Theodore of Tarsus  

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(c.602–90).Sent by Pope Vitalian as archbishop of Canterbury, Theodore arrived in 669. Two deaths had left the see vacant for five years. The church lacked organization and had not achieved the ...

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