Overview

Marcel Mauss

(1872—1950)

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-13 of 13 entries

View:

band societies

band societies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Small societies that rely primarily on hunting and gathering for subsistence. Band societies have a prominent place in theories of cultural evolution, where they typically describe the first extended ...
classification

classification  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[Th]The ordering of archaeological data into groups (e.g. categories, classes, types) using various ordering systems. Monothetic classification is based on all the defined attributes being present ...
Claude Lévi-Strauss

Claude Lévi-Strauss  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1908– )French anthropologist and structuralist. Educated in law, Lévi-Strauss received a doctorate in philosophy at the Sorbonne. He was appointed to a French university mission to Brazil, serving ...
Émile Durkheim

Émile Durkheim  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1858–1917)French sociologist and one of the founding fathers of modern sociology.After he graduated from the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, Durkheim taught sociology first at the University of ...
exchange

exchange  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. The trading of goods, stocks, shares, commodities, paper currencies, or other financial instruments.2. The place in which such trading occurs, e.g. a stock exchange or commodities exchange. This ...
gift relationship

gift relationship  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Social scientists usually regard a gift as an expression of the relationship between donor and recipient. In The Gift (1954) Marcel Mauss argued that gifts are widely obligatory and reciprocal. This ...
kula ring

kula ring  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A ceremonial gift exchange among tribes in the western Pacific, practised alongside normal trading, functioning to establish and maintain friendly relations between islands. [From Melanesian kula]
L'Année sociologique

L'Année sociologique  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The sociological journal that provided a vehicle and forum for much of the research of Emile Durkheim and his followers. Durkheim himself edited the journal between 1896 and 1913. Marcel Mauss played ...
Le Collège de Sociologie

Le Collège de Sociologie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
This somewhat abstruse organization took shape in Paris in 1937 as a circle of researchers led by Caillois, Bataille, and Leiris. Its avowed aim was to advance the study of ...
Lucien Lévy-Bruhl

Lucien Lévy-Bruhl  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1875–1913)French philosopher and social anthropologist, noted for stressing the need for empirical investigation of the categories and methods of thought of different societies, and for interpreting ...
Mauss, Marcel

Mauss, Marcel (1872–1950)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
107 words

(1872–1950).

French anthropologist; nephew and collaborator of Durkheim. Mauss argued that the intellectual categories and symbolic

person

person  

One of the central problems of metaphysics is what it is to be a person. The answer ought to account for central phenomena of personhood; rationality, command of language, self-consciousness, control ...
prestation

prestation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Marcel Mauss's term for the larger context or “total social phenomenon” of gift giving and exchange.

View: