Overview

Mauritania

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 35 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo

Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo  

1936–Expatriate Mauritanian film director whose films focus on the experiences of Africans abroad.The son of farmers, Med Hondo was raised in the Atar region of Mauritania on the edge ...
Ahmad al- Bakkai al-Kunti

Ahmad al- Bakkai al-Kunti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1865)West African religious and political leader. One of the last principal spokesmen in precolonial Western Sudan for an accommodationist stance toward the threatening Christian European ...
Ainin Ma al

Ainin Ma al  

1830?–1910 Sahrawi religious scholar and anticolonial leader in northwest Africa; born Muhammed Sidi al-Mustapha, also known as Ma al-Aynayn.A skilled military leader and devout Muslim, Sheikh Ma ...
Ancient African Civilizations

Ancient African Civilizations  

Societies that flourished in Africa before the arrival of European colonial powers.The great chiefdoms, states, and empires of Africa were some of the last great civilizations of antiquity to ...
Bedouin

Bedouin  

A nomadic Arab of the desert; the word comes (via Old French) from Arabic badawīn ‘dwellers in the desert’, from badw ‘desert’.
Berber

Berber  

An indigenous person of northern and north-western Africa. Traditionally, the Berbers speak Berber languages, although most literate Berbers also speak Arabic. The Berbers are Sunni Muslims, and ...
Christianity in Africa

Christianity in Africa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Apart from Egypt and the Mediterranean coast (Roman ‘Africa’, on which see the next entry), Christianity had by the 4th cent. penetrated to Nubia (where it died out in the 16th cent.) and Ethiopia, ...
Clothing in Africa

Clothing in Africa  

As elsewhere, clothing in Africa has long served more than one purpose. In addition to satisfying human needs for covering and adornment, textiles and clothing provide media for artistic expression ...
Education in Africa

Education in Africa  

History and status of Western-style schools in Africa.Much education in Africa follows the Western model of schooling. But although Western-style education predominates, Islamic schools also operate ...
Female Circumcision in Africa

Female Circumcision in Africa  

The term female circumcision is commonly used to refer to surgical operations performed in over thirty African, Middle Eastern, and southeast Asian countries, by immigrants from those countries ...
Ghana

Ghana  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Ghana has achieved one of Africa's few transfers of power through the ballot boxApart from scattered hills and plateaux along its eastern and western borders, Ghana consists mostly of lowlands. These ...
Ghana

Ghana  

An ancient kingdom in what is now east Senegal, south-west Mali, northern Guinea, and southern Mauritania. As early as c.800 al-Fazari called Ghana ‘the land of gold’. According to tradition there ...
Guinea

Guinea  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A West African country with an Atlantic coast, bounded on the north by Senegal and Mali, on the east by Côte d'Ivoire, and on the south by Liberia and Sierra Leone.Physical.Inland from the marshy ...
Islamic fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalism  

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On the ...
Joseph Boakye Danquah

Joseph Boakye Danquah  

(b. 21 Dec. 1895, d. 4 Feb. 1965).Ghanaian nationalist leader Born in Bepong, he became a law clerk at 17 and then secretary to his brother, a tribal chief. He studied law at the University of London ...
Maghreb

Maghreb  

An Arabic word meaning “sunset”, the Maghreb is the western part of the Muslim world. The precise delimitation of the regions concerned has varied, but tradition has retained the definition ...
Mali

Mali  

A landlocked country in north-west Africa, sharing common boundaries with Mauritania, Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, and Senegal.Physical.The northern part of Mali is in the dry ...
Moktar Ould Daddah

Moktar Ould Daddah  

1924–2003 First president of Mauritania (1961–1978).Born in Boutilimit in western Mauritania into a prominent Berber family of marabouts (Islamic religious scholars), Moktar Ould Daddah attended an ...
Moors

Moors  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Berbers from Northwest Africa who conquered the Iberian peninsula (711). The word Moor is a Middle French/Middle English term derived from the Latin Maurus, an inhabitant of Mauritania (fourteenth ...
Morocco

Morocco  

Morocco now has a more liberal monarch but continues its illegal occupation of Western SaharaMorocco is the most mountainous country of North Africa. The two main chains are the Er Rif, along the ...

View: