Overview

mass production

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 43 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Alfred Sloan

Alfred Sloan  

(1875–1966)CEO of General Motors. A pivotal figure, not just in the history of American business but also in the development of marketing. He joined General Motors in 1916 having sold his car ...
American System of Manufactures

American System of Manufactures  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(19th century)The American System of Manufactures came to international attention at the Great Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, London, of 1851, and reflected the rapid strides in ...
automation

automation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The use of automatic machinery and systems, particularly those manufacturing or data‐processing systems which require little or no human intervention in their normal operation. During the 19th ...
bicycle

bicycle  

Riding became popular in Ireland because the roads were and are comparatively less crowded. Though John Boyd Dunlop invented the pneumatic tyre in Belfast in 1889, he was not a ...
brewing

brewing  

The process by which beer is made. Fermentation of sugars from barley grain by the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. uvarum (or S. carlsbergenesis) produces alcohol (ethanol). In the first stage ...
business

business  

1 All forms of industrial and commercial profit-seeking activity. The business cycle refers to fluctuations in the aggregate level of economic activity, and the Business Expansion Scheme in the UK ...
business cycle

business cycle  

Observed changes to economic conditions which move from prosperity through recession to depression and hence back to recovery and further prosperity. Also known as the economic cycle. See, for ...
chemical Industry

chemical Industry  

The most significant concentration of chemical manufacturing activity in Ireland during the 18th and 19th centuries was oriented towards supplying the linen industry with chemicals for finishing and ...
computer

computer  

Any device capable of carrying out a sequence of operations in a defined manner. The definition of the operations is called the program. An analog computer performs computations by manipulating ...
Congress of Industrial Organizations.

Congress of Industrial Organizations.  

John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers (UMW) and other unionists created the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) in November 1935, as a means of encouraging industrial unionism within ...
consumer culture

consumer culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also advertising cultures; taste.1. A pejorative reference to modern Western society in terms of its domination by the marketing and consumption of goods and services (see also promotional ...
Domestic Industry

Domestic Industry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A simple but limited definition is a system of industrial organization that existed before the Industrial Revolution and the factory. A wide range of consumer goods was manufactured in the ...
economies of scale

economies of scale  

Reductions in the average cost of production, and hence in the unit costs, when output is increased. If the average costs of production rise with output, this is known as diseconomies of scale. ...
economies of scope

economies of scope  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The benefits arising from carrying on related activities. These are similar to economies of scale, but whereas with economies of scale cost savings arise from carrying out more of the same activity, ...
electricity

electricity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any effect resulting from the existence of stationary or moving electric charges.
Eli Whitney

Eli Whitney  

(1765–1825), inventor and arms manufacturer.Born in Westboro, Massachusetts, the eldest son of farmer Eli Whitney and Elizabeth Fay Whitney, Eli Whitney demonstrated mechanical talent earlier than ...
engineering

engineering  

In the late 18th century the extension of arable farming encouraged the growth of foundries and engineering works making plough parts, harrows, and a range of other equipment, as well ...
environmentalism

environmentalism  

A belief in and concern for the importance and influence of environment within a society.‘Environment’ is derived simply from the French verb environner, to surround. Our environment, literally, is ...
factory system

factory system  

The ‘factory system’ has been an important element in the accelerating processes of industrialization known as the industrial revolution. As British industrial enterprises expanded in the 18th cent., ...
folk art

folk art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The art, handicrafts, and decorative ornament produced by people who have had no formal art training but have an established tradition of styles and craftsmanship. A country or region may have a ...

View: