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Andrew Marvell

(1621—1678) poet and politician

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Augustine Birrell

Augustine Birrell  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1850–1933),chief secretary for Ireland, 1907–16, made his name as an author with a volume of lightweight essays, Obiter Dicta (1884), which he followed with further essays, and works on Hazlitt ...
C. H. Sisson

C. H. Sisson  

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Literature
(1914– ),British poet and translator, born in Bristol, where he read Philosophy and English at the University. He began his career in the Civil Service in 1936 and retired as ...
epithalamium

epithalamium  

A song or poem celebrating a marriage. The word is recorded from the late 16th century, and comes via Latin from Greek epithalamion, from epi ‘upon’ + thalamos ‘bridal chamber’.
Henry Vaughan

Henry Vaughan  

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Literature
(1621–95),twin brother of T. Vaughan, was born at Newton‐upon‐Usk, Breconshire. His wooing of his first wife Catherine is apparently recalled in the poem ‘Upon the Priory Grove’ printed in Poems with ...
John Dryden

John Dryden  

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Literature
(1631–1700),was educated at Westminster School under Busby and at Trinity College, Cambridge. His first major poem was the Heroique Stanza's (1658) on the death of Cromwell; he later celebrated the ...
John Milton

John Milton  

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Literature
(1608–74),son of John Milton the elder, a scrivener and composer of music. He was educated at St Paul's School and Christ's College, Cambridge, where he wrote poetry in Latin, Italian, and English, ...
John Wilmot, Lord Rochester

John Wilmot, Lord Rochester  

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Literature
(1647–1680) English poetA Satyr Against Mankind (1675?) PoetryA Letter From Artemiza in the Town to Chloë in the Country (1679) PoetryUpon Nothing (1679) PoetryA Very Heroical Epistle From My Lord ...
Kingston upon Hull

Kingston upon Hull  

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Literature
Yorkshire port at the junction of the river Hull with the Humber, usually called just ‘Hull’. It originated as a monastic wool‐exporting port, but was acquired and renamed by Edward I (1293). By 1800 ...
metaphysical poets

metaphysical poets  

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Literature
A group of 17th-century poets whose work is characterized by the use of complex and elaborate images or conceits, typically using an intellectual form of argumentation to express emotional states. ...
Nedham Marchamont

Nedham Marchamont  

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Literature
(1620–78)Journalist, and chief author of Mercurius Britanicus (1643–6), the arch‐enemy of the Royalist Mercurius Aulicus of Sir John Berkenhead. His subsequent professional career showed shifting ...
ode

ode  

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Literature
In literature, a lyrical poem. In Ancient Greece an ode was recited to mus. acc. In its mus. sense, the term often means a ceremonial work, e.g. Purcell's Ode for St Cecilia's Day and Elgar's ...
Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell  

(1599–1658).General and lord protector. It is still difficult to appreciate the unique character of Cromwell's career. In a country governed by custom, precedent, and the common law, Cromwell ...
Pierre de Ronsard

Pierre de Ronsard  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1524–1585) French poetOdes (1550) PoetryAmours [‘Love Poems’] (1552) PoetryBocage [‘Grove’] (1554) PoetryHymnes (1555) PoetryAmours [conclusion] (1556) PoetryLa Franciade [‘The Hymn of France’; ...
Rehearsal

Rehearsal  

(printed 1672), a farcical comedy attributed to George Villiers, second duke of Buckingham, but probably written by him in collaboration with others, among whom is mentioned S. Butler.The play ...
Richard Flecknoe

Richard Flecknoe  

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Literature
(d. ?1678),a writer with an interest in experimental forms. His Miscellanea (1653) includes a defence of the stage and a lament for the theatres silenced under the Commonwealth. His Ariadne (1654) ...
Samuel Butler

Samuel Butler  

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Literature
(1613–80),was probably secretary to the countess of Kent, and by 1661 he was steward at Ludlow Castle to Richard Vaughan, earl of Carbery. The most significant event in an otherwise obscure life was ...
Scrutiny

Scrutiny  

A Cambridge periodical which ran for 19 volumes, 1932–53, edited by L. C. Knights, Donald Culver, Denys Thompson, D. W. Harding, and others, but dominated largely by F. R. Leavis; a 20th issue, with ...
Sir Roger L'Estrange

Sir Roger L'Estrange  

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Literature
(1616–1704)Journalist and pamphleteer, and an active Royalist, obliged to flee to the Continent in 1648. After the Restoration he was appointed surveyor of printing presses and licenser of the ...
Thomas May

Thomas May  

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Literature
(1595–1650),adopted the parliamentary cause and was secretary for the Parliament (1646). He was author of two narrative poems on the reigns of Edward III and Henry II, a history of the Long ...
topographical poetry

topographical poetry  

Described by Dr Johnson as ‘local poetry, of which the fundamental object is some particular landscape…with the addition of…historical retrospection or incidental meditation’. Cooper's Hill (1642) by ...

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