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Harriet Martineau

(1802—1876) writer and journalist

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Ambleside

Ambleside  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
By the 1840s this small market town in Westmorland on the northern shore of Lake Windermere had long been attractive to tourists eager to enjoy the sublimities of the Lake ...
American Notes for General Circulation

American Notes for General Circulation  

Travel account by Dickens, published in 1842. Dickens visited the U.S. (Jan.–May 1842) in a tour that took him from Boston and New York to Canada and as far west as St. Louis. His book is almost ...
Andrew Martin Fairbairn

Andrew Martin Fairbairn  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1838–1912), Congregational theologian. He was the first principal of Mansfield College, Oxford (1886–1909). After visiting Germany, he warmly advocated theological liberalism. His eloquence, ...
Arnold family

Arnold family  

In August 1850 Charlotte Brontë visited Fox How, the Arnolds' home, in an ‘exquisitely lovely’ situation below Lough Rigg, near Ambleside. Dr Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), headmaster of Rugby, bought ...
Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte  

(1798 –1857)A French philosopher who, with Claude-Henri Saint-Simon, founded positivism as a philosophy of science, an ideology of progress, and a humanist religion. Comte also coined the term ...
biographies to 1940

biographies to 1940  

Interest in lives of the Brontës began early, as reviewers speculated about the true identities of the three pseudonymous authors ‘Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell’. By 1850, after the deaths ...
Bradford Observer

Bradford Observer  

A local weekly newspaper, Liberal in politics and paying particular attention to literature, the Bradford Observer was much longer‐lived than its Tory counterpart, the Bradford Herald. The Bradford ...
Charles Knight

Charles Knight  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1791–1873)Born in Windsor, the son of a bookseller; he became an influential publisher and writer who did much to introduce the sale of cheap books. Though his own formal ...
Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Charlotte Perkins Gilman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1860–1935)Writer and feminist, born in Connecticut. Her father abandoned the family and, unable to support themselves, they were helped by aunts, one of whom, on the father's side, was ...
contemporary writers, Brontës' contact with and attitudes to

contemporary writers, Brontës' contact with and attitudes to  

Except for Charlotte, the Brontës had little direct contact with the well‐known authors of their day. In varying degrees, all three sisters preferred privacy to the public exposure that would ...
critical reception to 1860

critical reception to 1860  

Although all four Brontës had published work prior to 1847, Jane Eyre was the first of their writings to receive significant critical attention. The sisters' book of Poems 1846 had ...
Daily News

Daily News  

Was founded by Dickens in 1845 as a Liberal rival to the Morning Chronicle; the first issue appeared on 21 Jan. 1846. Dickens edited the paper for 17 numbers only, then handed over to John Forster. ...
Deerbrook

Deerbrook  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A novel by Harriet Martineau, published in 1839; her only venture into domestic realism. Focusing on middle‐class life in the small community of Deerbrook, the novel describes the experiences of ...
Edinburgh Review

Edinburgh Review  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1802–1929),a quarterly periodical, established by F. Jeffrey, Sydney Smith, and H. Brougham, and originally published by A. Constable. It succeeded immediately in establishing a prestige and ...
Edward Bulwer Lytton

Edward Bulwer Lytton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Edward Bulwer Lytton (1803–1873; known as both Bulwer and Bulwer Lytton) was an immensely popular and productive novelist, seen by many of his contemporaries as Charles Dickens's rival. His work ...
Ezra Joshua Mishan

Ezra Joshua Mishan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1917–)Ezra (E.J.) Mishan was born in Manchester in 1917. He studied at the University of Manchester (BA 1946), and then at the University of London (MSc 1949). In 1952 ...
Factory Acts

Factory Acts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(in the UK) a series of laws regulating the operation of factories, designed to improve the working conditions of employees, especially women and children. The most important was that of 1833, which ...
feminist approaches

feminist approaches  

Although important assessments of the Brontës were made by early feminists, including their contemporary Harriet Martineau (1802–76) and in the 1920s Virginia Woolf (1882–1941), feminist criticism of ...
Frederic Harrison

Frederic Harrison  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1831–1923),professor of jurisprudence and international law to the Inns of Court (1877–89), and from 1880 to 1905 president of the English Positivist Committee, formed to disseminate the doctrines ...
Frederick Denison Maurice

Frederick Denison Maurice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1805–72).Christian clergyman and social reformer. He was the son of a Unitarian minister, and was unable to graduate from Cambridge University because he could not subscribe to the Thirty-Nine ...

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