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Martial

(c. 40—104 ad)

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Albinovanus Pedo

Albinovanus Pedo  

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A well-known wit and raconteur (Seneca (the Elder) Epistulae 122. 15; Quintilian Institutiones 9. 3. 61) who exercised his wit in writing epigrams; Martial often mentions him as one of ...
Anthologia Latina

Anthologia Latina  

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A modern invention gradually created in print and not intrinsically distinct from Poetae Latini minores or the Appendix Vergiliana, gathers poems mostly short that have no better home. Riese's ...
Aquilius Regulus, Marcus

Aquilius Regulus, Marcus  

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(RE 34)of aristocratic background, recouped his family fortunes after his father's exile by securing under Nero the conviction of three consulars on capital charges, receiving seven million sesterces ...
Arruntius Stella, Lucius

Arruntius Stella, Lucius  

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(RE 26)suffect consul ad 101 or 102 (Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum 6. 1492; Martial 12. 3. 10). Born in Padua (Patavium), he became quindecimvir sacris faciundis and was in charge ...
ball games

ball games  

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Playing with a ball (σφαι̑ρα) was at least as old as Homer (Odyssey 6. 100, 8. 370). It is shown in Athenian art, notably two late Archaic reliefs, one (Athens ...
books, poetic

books, poetic  

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The accelerated rise of the book-roll in the 4th and 3rd cents. bc has artistic consequences which are first strongly felt in the Alexandrian Library. The scholar-poets who classify and ...
Canius Rufus

Canius Rufus  

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From gades, a poet and friend of Martial, who alludes to his versatility and merriment in epigram 3. 20 (cf. 1. 61. 9; 1. 69).P. Howell Commentary on Bk. 1 of the Epigrams of Martial (1980), ...
cliens

cliens  

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In Rome a client was a free man who entrusted himself to another and received protection in return. Clientship was a hereditary social status consecrated by usage and recognized, though not defined ...
Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus, Gnaeus

Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus, Gnaeus  

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(RE 220)was consul ad 26 and legate of Upper Germany, possibly in succession to his brother, in 30–9. As a lax disciplinarian he was popular with his own army ...
Cornelius Palma Frontonianus, Aulus

Cornelius Palma Frontonianus, Aulus  

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(RE 279)from Volsinii, ordinary consul ad 99, was governor of Hispania Tarraconensis c. 100–3 when his administration was praised by Martial (12. 9, written in 101). While governor of ...
dedication

dedication  

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Many manuscript literary works in the early modern period bear an author's dedication, or dedicatory epistle, among the preliminaries to the main text, as do many printed books. They will ...
Domitian

Domitian  

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Younger son of Vespasian, b. ad 51, remained in Rome during his father's campaign against Vitellius. Surrounded on the Capitol with his uncle, he managed to escape and on Vitellius' death was ...
Domitius Marsus

Domitius Marsus  

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(RE 66)an Augustan poet, often acknowledged as one of his models by Martial (who indicates that Maecenas patronized him, 7. 29. 7–8, 8. 55. 21–4); his work Cicuta comprised ...
epitome

epitome  

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The Hellenistic age was the first to feel the growth of recorded literature as a burden; and the age which cast doubt on the propriety of a ‘big book’ also pioneered the abridgement of long works, ...
Iulius Cerialis

Iulius Cerialis  

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(RE 184)poet and friend of Martial (10. 48, 11. 52) and Arruntius Stella, author of a Gigantomachy and of Georgics on the model of Virgil. The grandiose epic theme ...
John Fell

John Fell  

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(1625–86), Bp. of Oxford from 1676. Under the Commonwealth he helped maintain C of E services in a private house, and in 1660 he became Dean of Christ Church. He largely brought about the ...
Juvenal

Juvenal  

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(c. 60–c. 140),Roman satirist. His sixteen verse satires present a savage attack on the vice and folly of Roman society, chiefly in the reign of the emperor Domitian.
Latin elegiac poetry

Latin elegiac poetry  

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Ennius introduced the elegiac couplet (see metre, greek, (3), (4)) into Latin. The careers of Catullus and Ovid bound the elegiac genre's most concentrated and distinctive period of Roman ...
Latin epigram

Latin epigram  

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The use of metrical inscriptions in Latin is attested from the second half of the 3rd cent. bc. The two oldest epitaphs in the tomb of the Scipios are in Saturnians, and limit themselves to a sober ...
Licinius Sura, Lucius

Licinius Sura, Lucius  

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(ordinary consul for the second time ad 102, for the third time 107), from Hispania Tarraconensis, was a man of great distinction and influence in the reign of Trajan, whose ...

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