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1st duke of Marlborough, John Churchill

(1650—1722) army officer and politician

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Anne

Anne  

(1665–1714)Queen of England and Scotland (known as Great Britain from 1707) and Ireland 1702–14. The last of the Stuart monarchs, daughter of the Catholic James II (but herself a Protestant), she ...
Army, British

Army, British  

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The British army is still composed of fiercely individualistic regiments and corps. This is a reflection of the tenacity with which it has clung to its roots in the 17th ...
Battle of Blenheim

Battle of Blenheim  

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(13 August 1704)A major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession that took place in the Bavarian village of Blenheim on the north bank of the River Danube. John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, ...
battle of Malplaquet

battle of Malplaquet  

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(11 September 1709)A battle fought in north-east France, close to the Belgian frontier, that saw Marlborough's last victory over the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. Marlborough's ...
Battle of Oudenarde

Battle of Oudenarde  

(1708)Military engagement during the War of the Spanish Succession. At the Flemish city of Oudenarde Marlborough and his Dutch and Austrian allies defeated the French army. It was Marlborough's third ...
battle of Ramillies

battle of Ramillies  

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History
(23 May 1706)A battle that took place in eastern Belgium between Namur and Louvain, Marlborough's second great victory during the War of the Spanish Succession over the French army under Villeroi. ...
battle of Sedgemoor

battle of Sedgemoor  

A battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth, who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender to the ...
Blenheim palace

Blenheim palace  

(Oxon.). Home of the dukes of Marlborough and birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill. Situated in Woodstock, Blenheim palace was given to John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, in gratitude for his ...
Board and Master-General of Ordnance

Board and Master-General of Ordnance  

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The Board of Ordnance was responsible for the British army's train of artillery, comprising guns and engineer services, and came under the control of the Master-General of the Ordnance. This ...
Duke of Monmouth James

Duke of Monmouth James  

(1649–85).Charles II's eldest and most favoured illegitimate son, Monmouth gained experience with the French army in 1672–4. Becoming an English general in 1678, he defeated the Scottish rebels in ...
Duke of Wellington

Duke of Wellington  

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(1769–1852)British soldier and Tory statesman, Prime Minister (1828–30; 1834). Born in Ireland, he served as commander of British forces in the Peninsular War, winning a series of victories against ...
Eugène of Savoy

Eugène of Savoy  

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History
(1663–1736)Prince of the House of Savoy. He was born in Paris; his mother, Olympe Mancini, was a niece of Mazarin. When Vienna was besieged by the Turks in 1683 he entered the Austrian army and ...
howitzer

howitzer  

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ˈhowǝtsǝrn. a short gun for firing shells on high trajectories at low velocities.
John Vanbrugh

John Vanbrugh  

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 (1664–1726) English playwright and architect.After a varied career, eventually as a renowned playwright (The Relapse 1696; The Provok’d Wife 1697), Vanbrugh’s ambitions took a sudden and unexplained ...
Joseph Addison

Joseph Addison  

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Literature
(1672–1719),was educated at Charterhouse with Steele. He was a distinguished classical scholar and attracted the attention of Dryden by his Latin poems. He travelled on the Continent (1699–1703), and ...
Kensington palace

Kensington palace  

Is architecturally one of the more modest royal residences, but historically it is full of interest. It began life as a private residence of the Finch family and was purchased by William III in 1689 ...
Kit-Cat Club

Kit-Cat Club  

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Literature
Founded in the early part of the 18th cent. by leading Whigs, including (according to Pope) Steele, Addison, Congreve, Garth, and Vanbrugh. Tonson was for many years its secretary and moving spirit. ...
League of Augsburg war

League of Augsburg war  

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(1688–97),also known as the Nine Years War or the War of the Grand Alliance. After having the first eighteen years of his 72-year reign dominated by his political mentor ...
Marlborough, John Churchill, Duke of

Marlborough, John Churchill, Duke of (1650–1722)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

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Current Version:
2004

The son of Winston Churchill, a West Country gentleman impoverished after supporting Charles I, Marlborough was brought up

memorials

memorials  

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Memorials have been a feature of the commemoration of war since early recorded history. They were once largely triumphalist. The pharaoh Tuthmosis III (1479–1425 bc) erected two obelisks to proclaim ...

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