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Marguerite de Navarre

(1492—1549)

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Antoine Augereau

Antoine Augereau  

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 (c.1485–1534) Protestant Parisian printer and punchcutter, born in Fontenay-le Comte (Poitou).*Garamont’s teacher, he printed three editions of Marguerite de Navarre’s Miroir de l’âme pécheresse. ...
Antoine Héroët

Antoine Héroët  

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(1492–1568),French humanist poet, a courtier in the service of Marguerite d'Angoulême and (from 1552) bishop of Digne. His writings include L'Androgyne (composed 1535, published 1542), a poetic ...
Bonaventure des Périers

Bonaventure des Périers  

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(c.1510–1544),French humanist, born in Arny-le-Duc (Burgundy) and raised by the abbot of Saint-Martin in Autun. As a young man he lived in Lyon, assisting Olivétan with his translation of ...
Bourbon

Bourbon  

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The surname of a branch of the royal family of France. The Bourbons ruled France from 1589, when Henry IV succeeded to the throne, until the monarchy was overthrown in 1848, and reached the peak of ...
Charles de Sainte-Marthe

Charles de Sainte-Marthe  

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Literature
(1512–55)taught theology at Poitiers, and was imprisoned in Grenoble for Lutheranism. Subsequently he taught French, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. He was protected by the duchesse d'Étampes and found ...
Clément Marot

Clément Marot  

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(c.1497–1544), French poet and translator. His French verse paraphrase of 49 Psalms appeared between 1538 and 1542; it was received with acclaim by the Protestant community and used as a basis by T. ...
Erasmus

Erasmus  

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(circa 1467–1536) Dutch humanistAdages [Adagia] (1500) Non-FictionEnchiridion Militis Christiani (1503) Non-FictionThe Praise of Folly [Encomium Moriae] (1511) Non-FictionColloquia (1518) ...
evangelicalism

evangelicalism  

A predominantly Anglican movement stemming from the mid‐18th cent., originally with links to Whitefield and methodism, its characteristics were Calvinistic with a literalist interpretation of the ...
Francis I

Francis I  

(1494–1547)King of France (1515–47). He was in many respects an archetypal Renaissance prince, able, quick-witted, and licentious, and a patron of art and learning, but he developed into a cruel ...
François de Belleforest

François de Belleforest  

(1530–83)French writer; his continuation of Pierre Boaistuau's translation of Matteo Bandello's Novelle, as Histoires Tragiques (1559–82), includes a version of a legend from Saxo Grammaticus which ...
François Rabelais

François Rabelais  

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Literature
(c. 1494–c. 1553),French physician, humanist, and satirist whose great work, the satirical entertainments on the popular giants Gargantua and Pantagruel (Gargantua, 1534; Pantagruel, 1532 or 1533; ...
Gérard Roussel

Gérard Roussel  

(c.1500–1555),French humanist and reformer. He was born near Amiens and became a follower of Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples, under whose guidance he edited works by Boethius and Aristotle. He followed ...
Guillaume Briçonnet

Guillaume Briçonnet  

(1470–1534),French humanist, appointed bishop of Lodève by Charles VIII (1489) and bishop of Meaux by Francis I (1516). From 1521 to 1524 he corresponded with Marguerite d'Angoulême; these letters ...
Henri Estienne

Henri Estienne  

(1531–98),French printer, lexicographer, and traveller, born in Paris, the son of Robert Estienne the Elder; he claims in the preface to his edition of Aulus Gellius (1585) that the ...
Henri II

Henri II  

(1519–59),King of France, the second son of Francis I and Queen Claude; he was the younger brother of François, the dauphin. In 1526, at the age of 7, he ...
House of Navarre

House of Navarre  

While there never was a “House of Navarre,” the ambitions that swirled around the little kingdom at the western end of the Pyrenees provide a focus for the coalescence of ...
Italian Influences

Italian Influences  

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Literature
A balance‐sheet of literary exchange over some seven centuries would doubtless show that Italy's debt to France began earlier, and was the greater, but between the 14th and the end ...
Jacques Amyot

Jacques Amyot  

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Literature
(1513–93)French translator of, amongst other works, Plutarch's Parallel Lives. His translation was published in 1559 and translated into English by Sir Thomas North in 1579.
Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples

Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples  

(c.1460–1536),French humanist. He travelled as a young man in Italy where his induction into Florentine Neoplatonism stimulated his subsequent editions of pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Origen, and ...
Jeanne d'Albret

Jeanne d'Albret  

(1528–72),Queen of Navarre, was the daughter of Henri II d'Albret, king of Navarre, and Marguerite d'Angoulême, sister of King Francis I. She married Antoine de Bourbon, who succeeded his ...

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