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Herbert Marcuse

(1898—1979) German-born American philosopher

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alienation

alienation  

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Overview Page
Estrangement or withdrawal from society or family. This may be a manifestation of a mental disorder or of social or political disaffection. When it occurs in a family or social group, it may include ...
Bruce Kuklick

Bruce Kuklick  

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Philosophy
(1941–)Bruce Kuklick was born on 13 March 1941 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He attended the University of Pennsylvania from 1959 to 1963, where he graduated with a BA and honors ...
critical theory

critical theory  

1. Theories associated with the neo-Marxist Frankfurt school which involve the ideological analysis of society and culture. Influenced by Marxist theory and Freudian psychoanalytic theory.2. Any ...
culture industry

culture industry  

1. For Adorno and the critical theorists of the Frankfurt school, the mass-media entertainment industry and commercialized popular culture, which they saw as primarily concerned with producing not ...
desublimation

desublimation  

Herbert Marcuse's term for the process whereby art (in the strictest sense) is rendered banal and powerless. In One-Dimensional Man (1964), his million-selling account of the changes to society ...
ego psychology

ego psychology  

A school of psychoanalysis based on the analysis of the ego, founded in 1939 by the Austrian-born US psychoanalyst Heinz Hartmann (1894–1970), including the US-based German psychologist Ernst Kris ...
Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm  

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(1900–1980)German-born US psychoanalyst and social philosopher who emphasized the cultural determinants of personality. His works investigate emotional problems in free societies and advocate ...
Frankfurt School

Frankfurt School  

A school of philosophy of the 1920s (associated with the Institute for Social Research at Frankfurt in western Germany) whose adherents were involved in a reappraisal of Marxism, particularly in ...
Fredric Jameson

Fredric Jameson  

(1934–)Marxist cultural critic. Born in Cleveland Ohio, Jameson was educated at Haverford College and Yale University. He is renowned for his landmark essay, ‘Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of ...
Hans Joachim Morgenthau

Hans Joachim Morgenthau  

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(1904–80)Hans Joachim Morgenthau was born on 17 February 1904 in Coburg, Germany. His father, Ludwig, was a medical doctor who fervently supported the emperor and so named Hans after ...
Jürgen Habermas

Jürgen Habermas  

(1929– )Born in Düsseldorf, Habermas was educated at Bonn and Marburg, before holding posts at the Institute for Social Research, and eventually becoming professor of philosophy at Frankfurt. He is ...
Karl Marx

Karl Marx  

(1818–83)German political philosopher and economist, resident in England from 1849. The founder of modern communism, he collaborated with Engels in the writing of the Communist Manifesto (1848). ...
Leo Löwenthal

Leo Löwenthal  

(1900–93)Germansociologist of literature and original member of the Frankfurt School. Born in Frankfurt am Main to a middle-class Jewish family, he met future Frankfurt School colleagues Theodor ...
Marxism

Marxism  

The political and economic theories of the German political philosopher and economists Karl Marx (1818–83) and Friedrich Engels (1820–95), later developed by their followers to form the basis for the ...
Max Horkheimer

Max Horkheimer  

(1895–1973)Germanphilosopher and one of the founders of the Frankfurt School. Horkheimer was a superb organizer, who did an enormous amount behind the scenes to facilitate the research of the ...
one-dimensional man

one-dimensional man  

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The title and central concept of an influential study of modern society by critical theorist Herbert Marcuse (1964). One-dimensionality refers to the progressive closing off of the possibility of ...
repressive tolerance

repressive tolerance  

The passive acceptance of social and governmental practices, policies and actions which restrict freedom in an absolute sense. The Frankfurt School theorist Herbert Marcuse coined the term in an ...
Situationism

Situationism  

A small, influential and highly politicized artistic movement founded in 1957, from the remnants of two previous Avant-garde groups, the Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus (led by Asger Jorn, who had ...
Theodor Adorno

Theodor Adorno  

1903–1969)German philosopher and sociologist, a leading member of the Frankfurt school.Born in Frankfurt, the son of a Jewish wine merchant, he took his mother's maiden name, Adorno, during World War ...

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