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al- Mansur

(938—1002)

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Abbasid

Abbasid  

A member of a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258, named after Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle and founder of the dynasty.
Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al- Razi

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al- Razi  

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(d. ca. 925)Persian scientist, physician, and Platonist philosopher, known in the West as Rhazes. Focused on expansion of empirical medical knowledge and practical procedures for treatment, rather ...
al-Andalus

al-Andalus  

Arabic name given to the geographical area of the Iberian Peninsula that came under Muslim control in the MA, from 711 to 1492. This period is often referred to as ...
Andalusia

Andalusia  

Southernmost province of modern Spain whose name derives from the Arabic term for the Iberian Peninsula, much of which was under Arab-Islamic rule between 711 and 1492. This rule extended ...
art and architecture: Abbasid

art and architecture: Abbasid  

The Abbasid caliphate (750–1258) is the second Islamic dynasty. The Abbasids succeeded the Damascus-based Umayyad dynasty (661–750) and moved the focal point of the Islamic political and cultural ...
Baghdad

Baghdad  

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The capital of modern-day Iraq, on the River Tigris, which was a thriving city under the Abbasid caliphs, notably Harun of Chancery, in the 8th and 9th centuries.
Barcelona

Barcelona  

The Iberian tribe of the Laetani were the earliest known population of the site of Barcelona. In the 3rd c. BC, the Carthaginians founded Barcino there, perhaps named from the ...
battle of Alarcos

battle of Alarcos  

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The battle of Alarcos (19 July 1195) between Alfonso VIII, king of Castile (1158–1214), and Abu Yusuf Yaʿqub, caliph of the Almohads (1184–1199), was the last major Almohad victory in the Iberian ...
Caliphate of Córdoba

Caliphate of Córdoba  

Umayyad and Ḥammūdid DynastiesLévi-Provençal, E., Histoire de l'Espagne musulmane (3 vols., Paris, 1950–67).Scales, P. C., The Fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba (Leiden, 1994).756–788‛Abd al-Raḥmān I ...
Castile

Castile  

A region of central Spain, on the central plateau of the Iberian peninsula, formerly an independent Spanish kingdom. The marriage of Isabella of Castile to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 linked these ...
Catalonia

Catalonia  

Catalonia came into being, like the other Christian principalities of the northern Iberian peninsula, after the Arab-Berber conquest of the 8th century. The expeditions made by the Franks and ...
Islamic empire

Islamic empire  

During the MA several Islamic dynasties established empires. Major empires included those of the Umayyads, Abbasids, Seljuks, Ayyubids, Almoravids, Mongols, and Mamluks, although other dynasties had ...
Santiago de Compostela

Santiago de Compostela  

A city in NW Spain, capital in Galicia, named after St James the Great (Spanish Sant Iago), whose remains, according to Spanish tradition, were brought there after his death. According to later ...
taifa kingdoms

taifa kingdoms  

City-states that flourished in the Iberian Peninsula between the fall of al- Mansur’s dynasty (1009) and the Almoravids’ incursion (1086). Muslim historians described the rulers of the post-Umayyad ...

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