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agriculture

agriculture  

The practice of cultivating the soil, growing crops, or raising livestock for human use, including the production of food, feed, fibre, fuel, or other useful products. Also known as farming. See also ...
Anglo- Norman colonization and settlement

Anglo- Norman colonization and settlement  

A process which occurred mainly between c.1170 and c.1270, directed by the new feudal aristocracy. It should be distinguished from the conquest (see anglo‐norman invasion) as such: not all conquered ...
appurtenances

appurtenances  

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Overview Page
This principle links maritime territory to the land mass of a State in such a way that neither can be acquired, or alienated, without the other. In terms of the ...
barony

barony  

A territorial division of a county composed of a number of townlands. There are about 270 baronies in Ireland. The origins of both the term and the divisions are obscure ...
berewick

berewick  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A dependent settlement within a manor. The term is used in the Domesday Book.
Black Death

Black Death  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1347–50)The most virulent epidemic of bubonic and pneumonic plague ever recorded. It reached Europe from the Tartar armies, fresh from campaigning in the Crimea, who besieged the port of Caffa ...
Borough English

Borough English  

Was the custom that lands should descend to the youngest son or daughter, or, in default of issue, to the youngest brother of the deceased. Also known as ultimogeniture, it ...
bridge

bridge  

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Structure by means of which a path, road, etc., is carried over a ravine, valley, or other depression, or over a river or other water-course, affording passage between two points at a height above ...
chevage

chevage  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A payment made to a lord by a villein who wished to move from one manor to another.
common land

common land  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Land subject to rights of common. The Commons Registration Act 1965 provides for the registration with local authorities of all common land in England and Wales, its owners, and claims to rights of ...
court, manorial

court, manorial  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Although custumals and surveys survive in a written form from c.1180 to c.1240, records of manorial courts do not start until the mid-13th century. In the second half of the ...
courtyard house

courtyard house  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[MC]Type of late Iron Age house found in Cornwall in the southwest of England dating to the later 1st millennium bc and early 1st millennium ad. Such houses have a cellular plan with a central ...
crown estates

crown estates  

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Overview Page
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History
Administratively, the crown estate fell into distinct parts. The first were those rents collected by sheriffs. The main estates were, for much of Henry VII's and Henry VIII's reigns, in ...
custumal

custumal  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ge]A written statement of the customs of the manor, the services owed by tenants, and the rights and obligations of the lord.
deer park

deer park  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
[MC]An extensive tract of land enclosed by a substantial pale, which is set aside and equipped for the management and hunting of deer and other wild animals to provide a constant and sustainable ...
demesne

demesne  

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History
[Ge]The manorial home farm, land usually retained by the lord for his own use, on which tenants were expected to work in part‐return for their tenancies.
detached pasture

detached pasture  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
In areas of intercommoning of a moor, marsh, wood, etc., the inhabitants of some manors had common rights on pastures that were physically detached from the rest of the fields ...
directories

directories  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A list of persons, shops, or businesses selected according to geography or specialization. Also (in older usage), a guide or introduction to a particular subject.The earliest books named Directorium ...
ditches

ditches  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Dug for defence or, more commonly, to mark the boundary of an estate. The dykes of the prehistoric, Roman and Anglo‐Saxon periods were immense linear earthworks running for miles. Smaller ditches ...
Domesday Book

Domesday Book  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A survey of property in England conducted in 1086. Conceived by William I, but probably to some extent based on pre-Conquest administrative records, it was the most comprehensive assessment of ...

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