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Abraham Bloemaert

Abraham Bloemaert  

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(b Gorinchem, 25 Dec. 1566; d Utrecht, 13 Jan. 1651).Dutch figure and landscape painter and engraver, the son of a sculptor and architect, Cornelis I Bloemaert (c.1540–93). He spent most of his life ...
Abraham Janssen

Abraham Janssen  

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(b c.1575; bur. Antwerp, 25 Jan. 1632).Flemish figure and portrait painter, active mainly in Antwerp. In 1598 and 1601 he is documented in Rome and by 1602 he was ...
academy

academy  

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The philosophical school of Plato; Akadēmeia was the name of the garden where Plato originally taught, named after the hero Akadēmos.
Adam Elsheimer

Adam Elsheimer  

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(bapt. Frankfurt, 18 Mar. 1578; bur. Rome, 11 Dec. 1610).German painter, etcher, and draughtsman, active mainly in Italy. Although he died young and his output was small, he played a key role in the ...
Adriaen de Vries

Adriaen de Vries  

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(b The Hague, c.1545; bur. Prague, 15 Dec. 1626).Netherlandish sculptor active mainly in central Europe, notably for the emperor Rudolf II (see Habsburg) in Prague. He spent most of the 1580s in ...
Agnolo Bronzino

Agnolo Bronzino  

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(b Monticelli, nr. Florence, 17 Nov. 1503; d Florence, 23 Nov. 1572).Florentine Mannerist painter, the pupil of Pontormo, who virtually adopted him as a son and introduced his portrait as a child ...
Alejo Fernández

Alejo Fernández  

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(b ?Germany, c.1475; d Seville, 1545).Spanish painter, probably of German origin, as he is referred to as ‘Maestro Alexos—pintor Aléman’. He married the daughter of a painter called Pedro ...
Alessandro Allori

Alessandro Allori  

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(b Florence, 31 May 1535; d Florence, 22 Sept. 1607).Florentine painter, the pupil and adopted son of Bronzino. From 1554 to 1560 he lived in Rome, where he added the influence of Michelangelo's Last ...
Alessandro Vittoria

Alessandro Vittoria  

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(b Trento, ?1525; d Venice, 27 May 1608).Italian sculptor, active mainly in Venice, where he settled in 1543. He trained under Jacopo Sansovino and succeeded him as the leading ...
Ambroise Dubois

Ambroise Dubois  

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(b Antwerp, c.1543; d Fontainebleau, 1614).Netherlandish-born painter who settled in France as a young man and became a French citizen in 1601. With Dubreuil and Fréminet (who married his ...
Amedeo Modigliani

Amedeo Modigliani  

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(1884–1920)Italian painter, sculptor, and draughtsman known for his melancholy elongated portraits.The fourth son of a wealthy Italian Jewish banker who lost his money, Modigliani suffered during his ...
Amico Aspertini

Amico Aspertini  

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(b Bologna, c.1475; d Bologna, ?19 Nov. 1552).Italian Mannerist painter, sculptor, and draughtsman, the best-known member of a family of artists from Bologna. Vasari describes him as having an ...
Andrea del Sarto

Andrea del Sarto  

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(b Florence, ?16 July 1486; d Florence, 28/29 Sept. 1530).Florentine painter. The epithet ‘del sarto’ (of the tailor) is derived from his father's profession; his real name was Andrea d'Agnolo. ...
Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio  

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(1508–80).One of the most gifted, professional, and intelligent of architects working in Italy in C16, whose work provided the models for the Palladian style (Palladianism) and had a profound effect ...
Andrea Schiavone

Andrea Schiavone  

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(b Zara, Dalmatia [now Zadar, Croatia], c.1510/15; d Venice, 1 Dec. 1563).Italian painter and etcher. His nickname ‘Schiavone’ means ‘Slav’, reflecting the fact that he came from Dalmatia (then under ...
Annibale Fontana

Annibale Fontana  

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(1540–87).Italian sculptor. He began his career as a medallist and hardstone engraver, but after 1570 he turned to large-scale sculpture in marble, seemingly working exclusively for the church of ...
Antoine Caron

Antoine Caron  

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(b Beauvais, 1521; d Paris, 1599).French Mannerist painter. He is one of the few French painters of his time with a distinctive artistic personality, and his work reflects the refined but unstable ...
Antwerp Mannerism

Antwerp Mannerism  

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A term coined by the art historian Max Friedländer in 1915 to describe the style of painting practised by artists in Antwerp from c.1500 to 1530. It was essentially a late Gothic style and depicted ...
Arthur Beresford Pite

Arthur Beresford Pite  

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 (1861–1934) English architect.Trained at the Royal College of Art, South Kensington (where he was Professor of Architecture 1900–23), Pite’s interest in education was expressed as Architectural ...
Artisan Mannerism

Artisan Mannerism  

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English architecture created by masons (rather than architects) in the period c. 1615–c.1675, and based on Mannerist pattern-books. Such craftsmen were not trained in the theory and vocabulary of the ...

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