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Africa — history

Africa — history  

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Some of the earliest evidence of medical practice comes from Africa. The Egyptians were well known, over 5000 years ago, for their advanced knowledge of medicine. Relics from the time ...
anaemia

anaemia  

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A condition in which the level of haemoglobin in the blood is reduced for any of various reasons, including haemorrhage. See aplastic anaemia; congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia; Diamond–Blackfan ...
Anopheles

Anopheles  

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n. a genus of widely distributed mosquitoes, occurring in tropical and temperate regions, with some 350 species. The malarial parasite (see Plasmodium) is transmitted to humans solely through the ...
antibiotics and anti-infective drugs

antibiotics and anti-infective drugs  

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Six categories of drugs are used in the treatment of infections, according to the type of organism against which they are active:• antibacterial drugs• antiviral drugs• antiprotozoal drugs• ...
authors — doctors as

authors — doctors as  

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In 1936, Lord Moynihan of Leeds (1865–1936), a famous surgeon, gave a Linacre lecture, published the same year and republished in 1983. He called his lecture: Truants — the story ...
blackwater fever

blackwater fever  

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A complication of chronic infection with Plasmodium falciparum. Symptoms include fever, intravascular haemolysis, haemoglobinuria (red/black urine), and acute renal failure.
blood-borne diseases

blood-borne diseases  

A class of infections in which the pathogenic agent circulates in the blood or is harbored in other body fluids, and is transmitted when infected blood or other body fluids are conveyed in some ...
cell

cell  

1 The fundamental autonomous unit of plant and animal bodies, consisting of, at least, a cell membrane containing cytoplasm and nuclear material, but often having a more complex structure. Simple ...
Centers for Disease Control.

Centers for Disease Control.  

(CDC)The US federal government facility based mainly in Atlanta, Georgia, that provides investigative and educational facilities in most branches of public health sciences, serving the United States ...
child health

child health  

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Health services for children, usually school health services, sometimes an extension of maternal and child health services, sometimes both.
chloroquine

chloroquine  

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An aminoquinoline quinine derivative that was successfully and widely used for malaria prophylaxis during and after World War II, until widespread chloroquine resistance of malaria parasites ...
Columbian Exchange.

Columbian Exchange.  

As of 1492, the Americas and Eurasia-Africa, except for occasional connections via the Bering Strait, had been separated for millions of years. During this time, organisms diverged in their evolution ...
Cotonou, Benin

Cotonou, Benin  

Largest city, main port, and de facto capital of the People’s Republic of Benin.The commercial and administrative center of Benin, Cotonou is located on the Nokwe Lagoon on the ...
disease

disease  

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Any illness or abnormal condition of the body with a specific cause (which may or may not be known), excluding physical trauma, that has recognizable signs and symptoms.
Diseases, Infectious, in Africa

Diseases, Infectious, in Africa  

Like every region of the world, Africa confronts serious infectious diseases. The continent’s hot climate and diverse ecosystems create conditions in which tropical pathogens—bacteria, viruses, and ...
DNA: An Alternative Record of African History

DNA: An Alternative Record of African History  

Missing historical identity has always plagued African Americans. In a dramatic protest against this problem, Malcolm Little rejected his American surname and took on X to denote his lost, and ...
Duffy blood group gene

Duffy blood group gene  

The first human genetic locus to be localized on a specific autosome. The gene (symbolized FY) is at 1q21–22, and its nucleotide sequence has been determined. The gene encodes a protein that contains ...
epidemic

epidemic  

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n. a sudden outbreak of infectious disease that spreads rapidly through the population, affecting a large proportion of people. The commonest epidemics today are of influenza. Compare endemic, ...
epidemiology

epidemiology  

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(epi-dee-mi-ol-ŏji)the study of the distribution of diseases and determinants of diseases in populations, including all forms of disease that relate to the environment and ways of life.
fever

fever  

An increase in body temperature as a result of infection. See endogenous pyrogen.

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